Hurricane Rafael
Category 6 hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Hurricane Georges 28 sept 1998 2043Z
Hurricane Rafael as it approached Florida.
Formed October 3, 2024
Dissipated November 18, 2024
Highest winds 1-minute sustained:
205 mph (335 km/h)
Lowest pressure 856 hPa (mbar); 25.28 inHg
Fatalities 1,523
Damage $102.88 billion (2024 USD)
Areas affected US East Coast, Newfoundland, Iceland, the UK, France
Part of the 2024 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Rafael was the 21st named storm, and the last hurricane and last major hurricane of the extra-active 2024 Atlantic hurricane season.

Meteorological history

On October 1, a single cumulonimbus cloud formed in the Gulf of Mexico, considered a remnant of Hurricane Patty. The next day, this began to look like a tropical depression on satellite image, but lacked a closed circulation. On October 3, it began rapidly organizing and was coined a tropical depression. The storm had a very hard time intensifying due to strong wind shear battering it from the north. On October 4, the storm managed to escape from the zone, intensifying into a tropical storm. A Hurricane-Hunters aircraft intercepted the storm on several occasions between October 4 and 6. Pictures showed that a weak eye was starting to form, showing that the storm is slowly intensifying.
Tropical Storm Paul 1999

A weak eye is seen in Tropical Storm Rafael in this satellite image.

On October 5, a low-level trough moved in the way of Tropical Storm Rafael, eventually getting absorbed by it. Rafael then intensified into a category 1 hurricane. A day later, Rafael entered a zone favorable for rapid intensification. It managed to intensify into a category 3 and its eye became more prominent to satellites. Winds managed to increase to 125 mph (201 km/h) and barometric pressure lowered to 947mb. 6 hours later, it slo