The 2100 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season in recorded history. Out of the 55 depressions that formed, 53 became tropical storms. 44 became hurricanes, and 29 became major hurricanes; five of these reached Category 6 intensity and higher. Most of the storms affected land. The most destructive hurricane was Hurricane Shary, which caused $420 billion in damage. It was also the deadliest, causing 42,763 deaths. Shary was not just the most destructive of the season, but the most destructive in Atlantic history. The strongest hurricane was Hurricane Mu, which became a Category 7 hurricane.
This season was the most destructive in history, with many areas virtually wiped out by all the hurricanes. It was so destructive it made the 2005 season look like nothing. It was also so active it exhausted the main list as well as the Greek alphabet, and the Hebrew alphabet had to be used for the first time ever. The NHC added Q, U, X, Y, and Z names to the list because of how active this season was becoming. They were Qualia, Unala, Xavier, Yolanda, and Zeke.
By 2100, global warming has made the oceans much warmer. There was also a strong La Nina, which warms the Atlantic and cools the Pacific. Both the global warming and the La Nina has made the environment in the Atlantic extremely favorable for hurricanes. Without global warming, this season would probably be only as active as 2010.
The first storm, Alan, formed in April, 2 months before the official start of the season. Bernice also formed in April, making a very rare occurrence of 2 storms in April. Clyde, TD 4, and Debra formed in May, while Bernice crossed over to May from April. That makes 5 storms before the official start of the season, another very rare occurrence. In June, the season was showing signs of being hyperactive, as 6 storms existed in June, including Debra which formed in May. 10 storms existed in July, including the Category 6 Hurricane Oliver, which is the most ever for that month. The record active pace continued, as 12 storms existed in August, including the cataclysmic Hurricane Shary. The extreme pace showed no signs of slowing down, and 14 storms existed in September. The pace started to wind down as the calendar turned to October, and 12 storms existed in that month, including Cat 7 Hurricane Mu. There were 5 storms in November, and 3 post-season storms. The last storm of the season, TS Gimel, crossed over to 2101, one of few storms to do so. Over all, there were 55 storms, the most ever recorded.
Debra affected Anguilla, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, and Cuba. It also affected Florida and the east coast as a remnant low. The storm caused $35 million dollars in damage and 9 deaths.
Made landfall in Belize as a Cat 1 and near Veracruz as a tropical storm. It also passed just south of Jamaica, bringing heavy rain. Eddie's precursor tropical wave affected the Windward Islands. It caused $69 million in damage and 40 deaths.
Gregory affected the Windward Islands as a TS, Jamaica as a C1, the northern tip of the Yucatan as a C2, and Texas as a C3. It dissipated in Indiana. The storm caused $4.1 billion dollars in damage and 43 deaths.
Mark was a Cape-Verde type hurricane that affected the Cape Verde Islands as a TD and the Azores as a Cat 2. It peaked as a C5 over open Atlantic waters. Mark caused $21 million dollars in damage and 2 deaths.
Affected the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola as a Cat 1, and Cuba and Florida as a Cat 2. It dissipated in Virginia. Nadia caused $4.5 billion dollars in damage and 79 deaths throughout its path.
It was a Cape-Verde type hurricane that affected the northern Leeward Islands and Puerto Rico as a C5, Hispaniola and Jamaica as a C4, the Yucatan as a C5, the Gulf coast as a C6, and Bermuda as a C1. The storm caused massive devastation along its path, with $248 billion dollars in damage and 7,136 deaths blamed on Oliver.
Affected the Windward Islands as a TS, and Hispaniola, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle as a C4. It dissipated in Michigan. Pamela caused $12 billion dollars in damage and 645 deaths, with most of the deaths in Hispaniola.
Struck the Windward Islands as a C4, Hispaniola, the Yucatan, and Southern Mexico as a C6, Central Mexico as a C5 from the Pacific side, the Gulf Coast as a C6, Florida as a C4, and Bermuda as a C6. It also absorbed Hurricane Walter while approaching Bermuda. Shary caused catastrophic devastation along its path, amounting to $420 billion dollars in damage and 42,763 deaths. It was the most destructive and deadly storm in recorded history.
Passed close to the northern Lesser Antilles, peaked as a C4 over open waters, and was absorbed by Hurricane Shary between the east coast and Bermuda. It caused $53 million dollars in damage and 14 deaths while going just north of the Lesser Antilles.
A Cape-Verde type hurricane that peaked as a C5 between Bermuda and the east coast. It also passed close to Newfoundland as a weakening C3. Zeke caused $75 million dollars in damage and 21 deaths. Half of these deaths were due to high surf and rip currents.
Formed in the Bahamas and impacted Florida as a TS. It later strengthened rapidly over the Gulf of Mexico and made landfall on Texas as a C6. It slowly weakened over land and dissipated while approaching Lake Michigan. Gamma caused massive devastation amounting to $195 billion dollars in damage and 1,235 deaths.
Affected the Windward Islands as a C5, Venezuela and Colombia as a C4, and Nicaragua as a C6. It later moved out into the Pacific. Delta caused $14 billion dollars in damage. It also caused 27,628 deaths, mainly because of massive landslides and flash floods.
Affected the Lesser Antilles as a TS, Puerto Rico and Hispaniola as a C1, the Bahamas as a C2/C3, and made a landfall in the Carolinas as a C4. It moved along the east coast before dissipating in Atlantic Canada. Eta caused $14 billion dollars in damage and 153 deaths.
Formed in the Gulf of Mexico and impacted Texas as a C3. It dissipated in Kansas. It affected areas still recovering from Hurricane Gamma when it hit in early September. Kappa caused $6.1 billion dollars in damage and 32 deaths.
Peaked as a C1 in the far eastern Atlantic. It passed just west of the Canary Islands as a C1 and made landfall on Spain as a TD. It caused minimal damage. Lambda was one of the easternmost hurricanes on record.
Formed south of the Cape Verde Islands. It impacted the Windward Islands as a C4, Honduras and Belize as a C6, and Florida as a C7. It followed the east coast before becoming extratropical south of Greenland. Mu was the strongest hurricane of the season, reaching 245 mph. It also caused catastrophic devastation amounting to $350 billion dollars in damage and 11,386 deaths.
Formed in the southwest Caribbean and impacted Honduras as a C1, Belize as a TS, and dissipated over the Yucatan peninsula. It later regenerated in the Gulf of Mexico and impacted Veracruz as a TS. Omicron caused $465 million dollars in damage and killed 545 people, mainly because of destructive flash floods and mudslides.
Affected Honduras/Guatemala as a C4, Belize as a C3, crossed the Yucatan, and affected Veracruz as a C1. Phi caused $2 billion dollars in damage and killed 3,648 people, especially because of deadly mudslides and flash floods.
Formed in the western Caribbean. It rapidly intensified, and made landfall on the Yucatan as a C5. It also affected Cuba as a C4 and Florida as a C3. It followed the Florida coastline before it dissipated in Georgia. Its remnants contributed to the formation of a massive nor-easter that hit the east coast. Psi caused $13 billion dollars in damage and 1,076 deaths, mainly in the Yucatan.
Didn't affect land, and peaked as a 65 mph TS northeast of Bermuda. When this season hit the name Omega, it became the first season in history to exhaust the Greek alphabet. After this storm, the NHC started to use the Hebrew alphabet.
Another weak storm that didn't affect land. It was also one of few storms to cross into the next year, as Gimel lasted into January 2, 2101.
The following names were used to name tropical cyclones this year. This is the same list used in the 2094 season, expect for Pamela, which replaced Portia. The names Qualia, Unala, Xavier, Yolanda, and Zeke were added after the season started due to extreme activity.
Due to extreme activity, the Greek Alphabet was used this year.
Because of the extreme historic activity of this season, even the Greek Alphabet was exhausted. Thus, the Hebrew Alphabet was used for the first time ever. The first three letters of the Hebrew Alphabet were used this year.
Due to extensive damage and deaths, the names Gregory, Lisa, Nadia, Oliver, Pamela, Shary, Tom, and Unala were officially retired, and will never be used again for an Atlantic hurricane. They were replaced by Gary, Lexi, Nellie, Olo, Perdita, Sasha, and Tim. Unala didn't have a replacement name because it was one of the names the NHC added after the season started. The names Gamma, Delta, Eta, Theta, Kappa, Mu, Rho, Phi, and Psi were also retired, but were marked for potential reuse in the future.
List for 2106:
Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE)
ACE (104 kt2) – Storm: Source
Total=1,128.74 (Record high)
ACE is the result of a storm's winds multiplied by how long it lasted for, so storms that lasted a long time (like Shary), as well as particularly strong hurricanes (like Mu), have higher ACE totals. 2100 was extremely hyperactive in these terms; with an ACE total of 1,129. The storms Shary, Mu, Oliver, and Delta were the main cause for this record high ACE. Tropical depressions and subtropical storms, such as portions of TS Sigma and TS Gimel, are not included in season totals.
This is a table of the storms and their effects in the 2100 Atlantic hurricane season. This table includes the storm's names, duration, peak intensity, Areas affected, damages, and death totals. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave or a low. All of the damage figures are in 2100 USD (the listed damage figure is in millions).
Tropical cyclones in the 2100 Atlantic hurricane season