The 2031-32 South Atlantic hurricane season was the first South Atlantic huricane season to have an official South Atlantic tropical cyclone record. Four tropical cyclones occured during the season, the earliest of which formed on December 20 and the latest of which dissipated on March 6. After the season it was decided that the dates of December 1 through March 30 would be dates that would delimit the official hurricane season in the South Atlantic. Coincidentally, the 2031-32 season would be the most active hurricane season in the South Atlantic until the 2047-48 season.
During the first 12 South Atlantic hurricane seasons were under the forecasting of the National Hurricane Center in Miami (RSMC Miami), after 2042 operations in the South Atlantic were taken over by the newly formed Autoridade Meteorológica Brasileira (AMB), the newly formed Brazilian meteorological agency, and subsequently after the 2044-45 season the Autoridade Meteorológica Brasileira de Ciclones Tropicais (AMBCT) took control of operations in the South Atlantic.
In developing a set of names for the South Atlantic hurricane season, the National Hurricane Center had decided to use sets of 10 Portuguese names each season, with each list recycled every 6 years. However, this was not the first time names were used in the South Atlantic - a Category 2 hurricane in 2004, which had been considered an extremely rare event, carried the name of "Catarina." lt had also been decided that tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic would carry the term "cyclone," rather than other proposals which included "atormentar" and English and Portuguese variants of "hurricane." In addition storms in the region would still use the prefixes of tropical storm and tropical depression if they were as strong as such - hurricanes would be called cyclones. Unused names are marked in gray.