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The 2023 Atlantic Hurricane Season was the most active season since the 2012 season. It had 18 tropical storms, with 10 hurricanes and 5 major hurricanes. While a typical hurricane season persists between June 1 and November 30, a storm can form at any time, as shown by Subtropical Depression One in May. The season began with the aforementioned Subtropical Depression, on May 19. The season ended with Hurricane Sean on November 13. The season benefited from neutral conditions, after the dissipation of the 2021-22 el nino. Hurricane Philippe had the lowest pressure for a category 4 hurricane in the Atlantic since Hurricane Opal.

Although there were many land impacting storms, U.S impacts were lighter than expected. In July, Hurricane Arlene stalked through the Caribbean, peaking as a Category 3 hurricane, before weakening and striking Florida as a strong tropical storm. In August, Hurricane Gert struck Maine as a category 1 hurricane. In September, Hurricane Maria caused widespread but light damage across Nicaragua, Honduras, Mexico, and the United States. In October, Hurricane Philippe was the most intense storm of the season, and devastated Haiti and Cuba, and Hurricane Rina was a strong category 2 hurricane that moved up the entire east coast. In November, Hurricane Sean caused moderate damage in the Azores as a C1 hurricane.

Timeline

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale

Storms

Subtropical Depression One

Subtropical depression (SSHWS)
Arthur Jul 5 2014 1600Z.png One 2023 Track MG.png
Duration May 19 – May 20
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Two

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Alberto May 19 2012 1610Z.jpg Two 2023 Track MG.png
Duration June 1 – June 3
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Arlene

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Isidore AMO2002265 lrg.jpg Arlene 2023 Track MG-0.png
Duration July 16 – July 28
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Bret

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Chris 28 aug 1988 1326Z.jpg Bret 2023 Track MG.png
Duration July 22 – July 26
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Cindy

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Claudette aug 15 1985 1045Z.jpg Cindy 2023 Track MG.png
Duration July 30 – August 4
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Devon

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Helene 23 sept 1988 1042Z.jpg Don 2023 Track MG.png
Duration August 3 – August 10
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  944 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Emily

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Claudette 2009 approaching Florida.jpg Emily 2023 Track MG.png
Duration August 9 – August 14
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Franklin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Lorenzo Oct 22 2013 1425Z.jpg Franklin 2023 Track MG.png
Duration August 12 – August 13
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1009 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gert

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Karen 13 oct 2001 1520Z.jpg Gert 2023 Track MG.png
Duration August 19 – August 26
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Harvey

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Danielle Aug 27 2010 1740Z.jpg Harvey 2023 Track MG.png
Duration August 24 – September 6
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  927 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Irma

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Jerry Sept 30 2013 1635Z.jpg Irma 2023 Track MG.png
Duration August 27 – August 30
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Jose

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Alex Jun 26 2010 1905Z.jpg Jose 2023 Track MG.png
Duration September 3 – September 8
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Katia

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Dolly2002.jpg Katia 2023 Track MG.png
Duration September 10 – September 15
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Leonard

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TD Seven 2003.jpg Leonard 2023 Track MG.png
Duration September 14 – September 17
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Maria

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Ida after landfall November 5 2009.jpg Maria 2023 Track MG.png
Duration September 17 – September 25
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  974 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Nate

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Peter Dec 9 2003 1535Z.jpg Nate 2023 Track MG.png
Duration September 19 – September 23
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Seventeen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
TD 11 23 sept 1990 0001Z.JPG Seventeen 2023 Track MG.png
Duration September 22 – September 25
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Ophelia

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gabrielle sept 6 1989 1800Z.jpg Ophelia 2023 Track MG.png
Duration October 2 – October 13
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  949 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Philippe

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Matthew 2016-10-03 1815Z (1).png Philippe 2023 Track MG.png
Duration October 9 – October 15
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  919 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Rina

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
800px-Hurricane Frances 05 sept 2004 1815Z.jpg Rina 2023 Track MG.png
Duration October 22 – October 27
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Sean

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Olga 27 nov 2001 1148Z.jpg Sean 2023 Track MG.png
Duration November 7 – November 13
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

Storm Names

The list of names below was used to name tropical or subtropical storms that formed in the atlantic in 2023. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2029 season. This is the same list that was used in 2017, except for Devon and Leonard, which replaced Don and Lee. The names Devon and Leonard were used for the first time this year.

  • Arlene
  • Bret
  • Cindy
  • Devon
  • Emily
  • Franklin
  • Gert
  • Harvey
  • Irma
  • Jose
  • Katia
  • Leonard
  • Maria
  • Nate
  • Ophelia
  • Philippe
  • Rina
  • Sean
  • Tammy (unused)
  • Vince (unused)
  • Whitney (unused)

Retirement

In April of 2024, the WMO retired the names Philippe and Rina, and they will never be used for another atlantic hurricane. They will be replaced with Percival and Reagan for the 2029 Atlantic Hurricane Season.

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