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2019 Atlantic hurricane season (Olo72)
20199 Atlantic hurricane season summary map
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed May 15, 2019
Last system dissipated November 8, 2019
Strongest storm
Name Jerry
 • Maximum winds 175 mph (280 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure 908 mbar (hPa; 26.81 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 21
Total storms 18
Hurricanes 8
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
4
Total fatalities 2300 Total
Total damage $252 billion (2019 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons

The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season was a hyperactive and catastrophic hurricane season that, with a damage total of at least $252 billion (USD),being a event in the annual formation of tropical cyclones in the Northern Hemisphere. The season officially began on June 1, 2019, and end on November 30, 2019. These dates historically describe the period each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin and are adopted by convention. However, tropical cyclogenesis is possible at any time of the year, as shown by the formation of Tropical Storm Andrea on May 14, marking the fourth consecutive year in which a storm developed before the official start of the season.

This season is also one of only seven years on record to feature multiple Category 5 hurricanes, and only the third after 2017 to feature two hurricanes making landfall at that intensity. The season also featured both the highest total accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) and the highest number of major hurricanes since 2005. All ten of the season's hurricanes occurred in a row, the greatest number of consecutive hurricanes in the satellite era.In addition, this season is the only season on record in which three hurricanes each had an ACE of over 40.

Initial predictions for the season anticipated that an El Niño would develop, lowering storm activity. However, the predicted El Niño failed to develop, with La Niña.This led forecasters to upgrade their predicted totals, with some later anticipating that the season could be the most active since 2017.

Since 2017, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) had the option to issue advisories, and thus allow watches and warnings to be issued, on disturbances that are not yet tropical cyclones but have a high chance to become one, and are expected to bring tropical storm or hurricane conditions to landmasses within 48 hours. Such systems are termed "Potential Tropical Cyclones".The first storm to receive this designation was Potential Tropical Cyclone Seven.

Seasonal forecasts

Predictions of tropical activity in the 2017 season
Source Date Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
Average 1981-2010 12.1 6.4 2.7
Record high activity 28 15 7
Record low activity 4 20
 –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
TSR December 13, 2018 14 6 3
TSR April 5, 2019 11 4 2
CSU April 6, 2019 11 4 2
TWC April 17, 2019 12 6 2
NCSU April 18, 2017 11–15 4–6 1–3
TSU May 20, 2019 14 7 3
NOAA May 25, 2019 11–17 5–9 2–4
TSR May 26, 2019 14 6 3
CSU June 1, 2019 14 6 2
UKMO June 1, 2019 13* 8* N/A
TSR July 4, 2019 17 7 3
CSU July 5, 2019 15 8 3
CSU August 4, 2019 16 8 3
TSR August 4, 2019 15 7 3
NOAA August 9, 2019 14–18 5–9 2–6
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Actual activity
21 8 5
* June–November only.
† Most recent of several such occurrences. (See all)

Ahead of and during the season, several national meteorological services and scientific agencies forecast how many named storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes (Category 3 or higher on the Saffir–Simpson scale) will form during a season, and/or how many tropical cyclones will affect a particular country. These agencies include the Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) Consortium of the University College London, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Colorado State University (CSU). The forecasts include weekly and monthly changes in significant factors that help determine the number of tropical storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes within a particular year. Some of these forecasts also take into consideration what happened in previous seasons and the dissipation of the 2014–16 El Niño event. On average, an Atlantic hurricane season between 1981 and 2010 contained twelve tropical storms, six hurricanes, and two major hurricanes, with an Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) index of between 70 and 110 units.

Pre-season outlooks

The first forecast for the year was issued by TSR on December 13, 2018. They anticipated that the 2019 season would be a near-average season, with a prediction of 15 named storms, 7 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes. They also predicted an ACE index of around 100 units. On December 14, CSU released a qualitative discussion detailing five possible scenarios for the 2019 season, taking into account the state of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and the possibility of El Niño developing during the season. TSR lowered their forecast numbers on April 5, 2019 to 11 named storms, 4 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes, based on recent trends favoring the development of El Niño. The next day, CSU released their prediction, also predicting a total of 11 named storms, 4 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes. On April 17, The Weather Company released their forecasts, calling for 2019 to be a near-average season, with a total of 12 named storms, 6 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes. The next day, on April 18, North Carolina State University released their prediction, also predicting a near-average season, with a total of 11–15 named storms, 4–6 hurricanes, and 1–3 major hurricanes. On May 20, The Weather Company issued an updated forecast, raising their numbers to 14 named storms, 7 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes to account for Tropical Storm Andrea as well as the decreasing chance of El Niño forming during the season. On May 25, NOAA released their prediction, citing a 70% chance of an above average season due to "a weak or nonexistent El Niño", calling for 11–17 named storms, 5–10 hurricanes, and 2–4 major hurricanes. On May 26, TSR updated its prediction to around the same numbers as its December 2018 prediction, with only a minor change in the expected ACE index amount to 95 units.

Mid-season outlooks

CSU updated their forecast on June 1 to include 16 named storms, 8 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes, to include Tropical Storm Andrea.It was based on the current status of the North Atlantic Oscillation, which was showing signs of leaning towards a negative phase, favoring a warmer tropical Atlantic; and the chances of El Niño forming were significantly lower. However, they stressed on the uncertainty that the El Niño–Southern Oscillation could be in a warm-neutral phase or weak El Niño conditions by the peak of the season.On the same day, the United Kingdom Met Office (UKMO) released its forecast of a very slightly above-average season. It predicted 14 named storms, with a 70% chance that the number would be in the range between 10 and 16, and 8 hurricanes, with a 70% chance that the number would be in the range between 6 and 10. It also predicted an ACE index of 145, with a 70% chance that the index would be between 92 and 198.On July 4, TSR released their fourth forecast for the season, increasing their predicted numbers to 17 named storms, 7 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes, due to the fact that El Niño conditions would no longer develop by the peak of the season and the warming of sea-surface temperatures across the basin. Additionally, they predicted a revised ACE index of 120 units. During August 9, NOAA released their final outlook for the season, raising their predictions to 14–19 named storms, though retaining 5–9 hurricanes and 2–5 major hurricanes. They also stated that the season had the potential to be extremely active, possibly the most active since 2010.

Seasonal Summary

Saffir–Simpson scale

Systems

Tropical Storm Andrea

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hermine 2010-09-06 1955Z.jpg Atlstorm1.jpg
Duration May 15 – May 20
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Barry

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
840px-Alberto 2018-05-29 1900Z.jpg Atlstorm2.jpg
Duration June 3 – June 11
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Chantal

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Berlyfe.jpg Atlstorm3.jpg
Duration June 5 – June 7
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  974 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Dorian

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hermine 2016-09-01 2300Z.png Atlstorm4.jpg
Duration June 24 – June 27
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Five

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Gaston Sept 1 2010 1310Z.jpg Atlstorm5.jpg
Duration June 29 – July 2
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Erin

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Earl 2010-09-02 0320Z.jpg Atlstorm6.jpg
Duration July 1 – July 14
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  918 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Fernan

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Marco 6 oct 2008.jpg Atlstorm7.jpg
Duration July 18 – July 20
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gabrielle

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Bertha 2008-07-07 1640Z.jpg Atlstorm8.jpg
Duration July 30 – August 8
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Nine

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Erin 15 aug 2007 1940Z.jpg Atlstorm9.jpg
Duration August 4 – August 5
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Humberto

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Dannyed.jpg Atlstorm10.jpg
Duration August 10 – August 16
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  953 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Imelda

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Nadine Sep 30 2012 1535Z.jpg Atlstorm11.jpg
Duration August 14 – September 5
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Jerry

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Felix 2007-09-03 0315Z.jpg Atlstorm12.jpg
Duration August 29 – September 12
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  908 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Karen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
6kxnsoqe.jpg Atlstorm13.jpg
Duration September 2 – September 7
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Fourteen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Erin Aug 15 2013 1440Z.jpg Atlstorm14.jpg
Duration September 9 – September 14
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Lorenzo

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Kyle 2008-09-27 1800Z.jpg Atlstorm15.jpg
Duration September 21 – September 27
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Subtropical Storm Melissa

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
20180807210049!Debby 2018-08-07 1350Z.jpg Atlstorm16.jpg
Duration October 3 – October 5
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Nestor

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Ssmani.jpg Atlstorm17.jpg
Duration October 2 – October 8
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  948 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Olga

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Wilma 23 oct 2005 1615Z.jpg Atlstorm18.jpg
Duration October 12 – October 17
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  972 mbar (hPa)

Subtropical Storm Pablo

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Suberly.jpg Atlstorm19.jpg
Duration October 24 – October 26
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1010 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Rebekah

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Otto 2016-11-24 1605Z.jpg Atlstorm20.jpg
Duration November 1 – November 8
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  932 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Sebastien

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
19th3me7.jpg Atlstorm21.jpg
Duration November 12 – November 16
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Storm Names

The following list of names was used for named storms that form in the North Atlantic in 2019. The names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2025 season. This is the same list used in the 2013 season, with the exception of the name Imelda, which replaced Ingrid.

  • Andrea
  • Barry
  • Chantal
  • Dorian
  • Erin
  • Fernand
  • Gabrielle
  • Humberto
  • Imelda
  • Jerry
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Melissa
  • Nestor
  • Olga
  • Pablo
  • Rebekah
  • Sebastien
  • Tanya (unused)
  • Van (unused)
  • Wendy (unused)

Retirement

Due of his massive destruction,the name Jerry was retired and replaced by Jean,in the 2024 season.

Season effects

This is a table of the storms and their effects in the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season. This table includes the storm's names, duration, peak intensity, Areas affected (bold indicates made landfall in that region at least once), damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave or a low. All of the damage figures are in 2019 USD (the listed damage figure is in millions).

2019 North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(millions USD)
Deaths


Andrea May 15 – May 20 Tropical storm 50 (85) 1001 Mexico 20 5
Barry June 3 – June 11 Tropical storm 60 (95) 1000 USA 35 11
Chantal June 5 – June 7 Category 2 hurricane 100 (155) 974 Trinidad y Tobago

Venezuela

100 38
Dorian June 24 – June 27 Category 1 hurricane 75 (120) 980 Florida 100 1
Five June 29 – July 2 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1002 None 0 0
Erin July 1 – July 14 Category 4 hurricane 150 (240) 918 Caribean

Leeward Islands Usa east coast

4,300 150
Fernand July 18 – July 20 Tropical storm 60 (95) 988 Mexico Minimal 0
Gabrielle July 30 – August 8 Category 2 hurricane 110 (175) 965 None 0 0
Nine August 4 – August 5 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1008 Texas 100 2
Humberto August 10 – August 16 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 953 Senegal,Mali

Cape Verde Canary Islands

20 6
Imelda August 14 – September 5 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 975 Azores Minimal 0
Jerry August 29 – September 12 Category 5 hurricane 165 (270) 908 Leeward Islands

Nicaragua Mexico

22000 2200
Karen September 2 – September 7 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1003 None 0 0
Fourteen September 9 – September 14 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1006 Cape Verde Minimal 0
Lorenzo September 21 – September 24 Tropical storm 45 (75) 998 USA east coast 200 3
Melissa October 3 – October 5 Tropical storm 65 (100) 989 None 0 0
Nestor October 2 – October 8 Category 3 hurricane 125 (205) 948 Nicaragua

El Salvador

1000 69
Olga October 12 – October 17 Category 2 hurricane 100 (155) 972 Cuba,Florida Unknow 7
Pablo October 24 – October 26 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1010 Nova Scotia None 0
Rebekah November 1 – November 8 Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 932 Costa Rica

Colombia Panama

Unknow 32
Sebastien November 12 – November 16 Tropical storm 50 (85) 999 Canary Islands

Morroco

40 6