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2019 Atlantic Hurricane Season (GaryKJR)
2020
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed April 26, 2019
Last system dissipated December 9, 2019
Strongest storm
Name Humberto
 • Maximum winds 175 mph (280 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure 899 mbar (hPa; 26.55 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 24
Total storms 20
Hurricanes 12
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
5
Total fatalities 8,231 total
Total damage $63.37 billion (2019 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021

The 2019 Atlantic Hurricane Season was the second most active Atlantic hurricane season on record, with only 2005 beating it in terms of activity. It was also one of the few that have had tropical activity both before and after the official bounds of the hurricane season. One of the main reasons for this season's hyperactivity was the 2019-2020 La Niña, which produced warmer sea surface temperatures and lower amounts of vertical wind shear in the Northern Atlantic. The season produced a total of 24 tropical depressions, 20 named storms, 12 hurricanes, and 5 major hurricanes. The first tropical cyclone, Tropical Depression One, formed on April 26, while the last storm, Tropical Depression Twenty-Five, dissipated on December 14. The season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30, although tropical or subtropical activity can occur from January to December. Despite the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season's considerable amount of activity, it featured only an average number of notable storms when compared to previous seasons with a similar quantity of tropical cyclones.

Hurricane Van was the second storm on record to use the "V" name, the other being 2005's Hurricane Vince. Hurricane Van is also notable because of it being a rare Atlantic-Pacific crossover storm which made landfall in Costa Rica. Van was only the 2nd tropical cyclone on record to make landfall in the country, with the other being Hurricane Otto of 2016. While there was not much damage or casualties caused by the tropical cyclone, the people of Costa Rica were caught off guard by Hurricane Van, especially because of it's very sudden formation as a subtropical storm at a low latitude. Hurricane Chantal was another noteworthy hurricane that occurred during this season which, unlike Van, is known for the damage and casualties it brought about, causing around 275 deaths and $1 billion in damages, mainly in Honduras. This season is also significant for featuring 2 Category 5 Hurricanes, the most dangerous and damaging hurricanes on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. One of these, Hurricane Lorenzo, stayed out to sea and only caused minor damage and 6 indirect deaths, which were related to rip currents caused by the storm. However, the other, Hurricane Humberto, was one of the most damaging and deadly Atlantic hurricanes on record. Over 8,025 casualties and an estimated $60 billion in damage were caused by Humberto, with Cuba being hit hardest. Much of the damage caused by Humberto was because of storm surge, which was as high as 23 feet in some locations, and lack of preparedness.

Although the 2019 season was very active, most forecasting agencies predicted only a slightly above average season. The mostly agreed upon number of storms that would reach at least tropical storm intensity was fourteen. These were despite some predictions, by amateur meteorologists, of a moderate or strong, but short-lived La Niña that would start in 2019 and end in the early months of 2020. Many forecasting agencies, however, thought that these predictions would most likely be incorrect, instead believing that the 2019 season would only feature a faint La Niña which would slightly increase tropical activity.

Seasonal forecasts

Predictions of tropical activity in the 2019 season
Source Date Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
Average (1981–2010) 12.1 6.4 2.7
Record high activity 28 15 7
Record low activity 2 1 1
TSR December 23, 2018 14 7 3
WSI December 26, 2018 15 8 4
CSU December 31, 2018 16 6 2
CSU February 21, 2019 18 6 3
TSR March 7, 2019 15 8 4
UKMO May 8, 2019 13* N/A N/A
NOAA June 2, 2019 15 8 3
CSU June 14, 2019 15 7 2
TSR July 10, 2019 17 8 3
CSU July 19, 2019 17 9 3
NOAA August 11, 2019 19 9 4
CSU August 23, 2019 20 8 5
TSR August 27, 2019 19 8 3
Actual activity
20 12 5
* June–November only.

Season summary

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

Storms

Tropical Depression One

Tropical depression (NHC)
Td 1.jpg Td one.png
Duration April 26, 2019 – April 27, 2019
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

On April 20, a weak tropical wave, which was located approximately 200 miles west of Dakar, Senegal, was first noted by the NHC. Over the next 5 days, the storm traveled westward while slowly intensifying and organizing, bringing hostile weather conditions to the Cape Verde Islands, where it killed one person due to a flash flood and caused $500,000 in damage. By the afternoon of April 26, the system's circulation was almost completely enclosed, which would normally prompt meteorological weather services and agencies to classify it as a tropical depression. However, wind speeds were nevertheless too low in the core of the system for it to be classified as a tropical depression, therefore it was still considered, by most meteorological weather services and agencies, to be a tropical disturbance. 

In the evening of April 26, 30 mph winds were recorded in the southeast quadrant of the system by an ASCAT pass that was mainly focused on the North Atlantic Ocean. This caused the NHC to designate the disturbance as a tropical depression, giving it the name One. At 11:00 UTC on April 27, tropical storm warnings were issued for the islands of Martinique, Dominica, and Saint Lucia. During the afternoon of April 27, Tropical Depression One made landfall on Martinique at peak intensity, with wind speeds of 35 mph, killing one person due to a rip current and causing $1.6 million in damage. Gusts on Martinique were reported to be as high as 55 mph, while gusts on Dominica and Saint Lucia reached 40 mph. No damage or casualties were documented on Dominica and Saint Lucia. By 23:00 UTC on April 27, Tropical Depression One had crossed over Martinique, and quickly degenerated into a tropical wave while located approximately 50 miles west of Martinique. Some of the main factors that prevented the system from becoming a tropical storm were the high amounts of vertical wind shear present in the Caribbean at the time, and cool waters of around 13 degrees celsius (55.4 degrees fahrenheit). In total, Tropical Depression One caused 3 deaths and $2.1 million in damage. It also severely affected many banana and sugarcane farms on Martinique, some of the most important crops produced on the island. One produced wind gusts of up to 60 mph, and rainfall of up to 4 inches in some locations on Martinique, Dominica, and Saint Lucia. However, even though it generated heavy rains and powerful winds, no large-scale flooding was recorded in association with Tropical Depression One. As well as being the first storm of the season, Tropical Depression One is also known for being a storm of tropical origin that formed in April, which is consistently one of the least active months on record in the Atlantic basin.

Hurricane Andrea

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Andrea.jpg 2020 andrea.png
Duration June 14, 2019 – June 16, 2019
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

On June 11, a large area of low pressure, which formed in fairly favorable conditions due to the earlier than usual formation of a monsoonal trough in the Western Atlantic, developed 250 miles to the northeast of Puerto Rico. The NHC quickly started monitoring the low pressure system for possible tropical or subtropical development. Due to a very conducive environment for hurricane development, with low wind shear and waters of 29 degrees celsius (84 degrees fahrenheit), the disturbance began to gradually organize and intensify. For 3 days, the system slowly traveled northwestward while continuing to gradually strengthen. Many models predicted that the disturbance would become a minimal category 1 hurricane, which turned out to be true. However, many forecasts also predicted that the disturbance would start moving westward, and eventually hit the Bahamas and Southern Florida. However, this was proven wrong when Andrea took a surprising curve to the northeast, out into the Atlantic Ocean.

In the afternoon of June 14, winds of 35 mph were found in the center of the system, which led the NHC to designate the system as a tropical depression, being given the name Two. Like Tropical Depression One, this decision to designate the system as a tropical depression was made because of an ASCAT pass in the Northern Atlantic Ocean, which reported winds of around 35 mph in it's core. However, the tropical depression was quickly upgraded to a tropical storm at 11:00 UTC on June 14, and was given the name Andrea. In the early evening of June 14, Andrea, being influenced by the Bermuda High to it's east, started to curve northeastward, but still continued to intensify. At around 17:00 UTC on June 15, only one day after it had first developed into a tropical depression and 18 hours after it had developed into a tropical storm, Andrea reached it's peak intensity of 75 mph, which is a low-end Category 1 hurricane, while it was still in the middle of it's northeast turn. Hurricane Hunter flights which flew into the center of the storm recorded wind gusts as high as 100 mph. However, this peak was very short lived, because as the storm entered areas of very high vertical wind shear, it underwent rapid weakening. By 23:00 UTC, Andrea had weakened into a tropical depression, and by 5:00 UTC on June 16, Andrea had opened up into a trough of low pressure while located approximately 100 miles to the southwest of Bermuda. Andrea's remnants continued to travel northeastward until eventually reaching Newfoundland, where they were absorbed by a frontal boundary. Overall, Andrea had very minimal effects on land as a hurricane. Although Andrea itself did not have major effects on land, the preceding low pressure area that formed Andrea caused minor flooding in the Dominican Republic, killing 2 people and causing $800,000 USD in damage. As well as this, the remnants of Andrea had minimal effects on Newfoundland other than isolated showers, with some locations on the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland receiving up to an inch of rainfall. As well as minor rainfall, a few communities on the eastern coast of Newfoundland recorded wind gusts of up to 20 mph associated with the system on some occasions.

Hurricane Barry

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Barry.jpg Barry 2020.png
Duration June 23, 2019 – June 26, 2019
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  969 mbar (hPa)

During the afternoon of June 21, an area of low pressure, which was of non-tropical origin, formed in the Central Atlantic Ocean, approximately 400 miles east of Bermuda. In the evening of June 21, the system became attached to an upper-level trough, and started to accelerate east-northeastward at a fast pace, with forward speeds averaging 12 mph. It did not strengthen much during this time, mainly due to unfavorable amounts of vertical wind shear, and water temperatures of 18 degrees celsius (64.4 degrees fahrenheit), which is below the threshold for subtropical or tropical development. In the evening of June 22, however, the disturbance detached from the upper-level trough which had been propelling it forward, and stalled in an area of sub-30 degrees celsius (86 degrees fahrenheit) sea surface temperatures, low wind shear, and high oceanic heat content indexes.  

At 11:00 UTC on June 23, due to it becoming much more organized and developing a closed circulation, the disturbance was designated as a subtropical storm, as it had originated from a non-tropical system, but still didn't have fully tropical characteristics. More evidence of the system's transition to a subtropical storm came from reports by sailors in the Northern Atlantic Ocean that they had recorded wind speeds of around 45 mph in the center of the system. Now that it had become subtropical, the newly-formed storm was given the name Barry. Throughout the day of June 23, Barry slowly moved to the northwest, before curving back to the northeast. During the morning of June 24, 80 mph winds were recorded by a Hurricane Hunter flight in the core of Barry, the banding and organization of the storm improved, and Barry lost all subtropical features in favor of becoming fully tropical, prompting Barry's upgrade to a category 1 hurricane. The storm's direction in which it was moving did not change, however. Not much occurred until the evening of June 24, when a faint eye and a continued increase in organization prompted Barry's upgrade to a Category 2, and Barry reached it's peak intensity of 105 mph, which is a high-end Category 2 hurricane. At Barry's peak intensity, United States Air Force Reserve aircraft which flew into the hurricane reported that occasional wind gusts of over 130 mph were present in it's eyewall. Around 6 hours after Barry was upgraded to a Category 2 hurricane, the storm's eye disappeared, and convection decreased in the core of the storm, which resulted in Barry being downgraded back into a Category 1 hurricane, with 80 mph winds. On the morning of June 25, because of a recent, temporary change in the typically northward prevailing winds of Atlantic Canada, which was brought about by circumstances such as the tropical cyclone itself, changes in weather conditions and seasonal factors, etc., Barry curved to the northwest, as it began to rapidly weaken. At around 17:00 UTC on June 25, it was proven that an unfavorable environment for development and rapid weakening had taken it's toll on Barry, as it lost all of it's tropical features and became an extratropical cyclone. During the morning of June 26, Barry completed it's northwest turn and made landfall on Newfoundland, and on the afternoon of June 26, Barry moved out of Newfoundland, eventually dissipating at 18:00 UTC on June 26 in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

Hurricane Barry caused no deaths and $5 million in damage, all of which occurred in Newfoundland. While overall damage and death toll was low, the outcome of the hurricane's landfall could have been much more disastrous. Before Barry made landfall in Newfoundland, many people took precautions, like boarding up windows, to minimize damage and deaths from the storm. One of the major reasons for people taking these precautions was that before Barry hit Newfoundland, Barry was predicted to keep it's Category 1 hurricane intensity as it made landfall, therefore people expected much higher winds and damage from the storm, and took it more seriously. Due to higher vertical wind shear, dry air intrusion, and colder sea surface temperatures than expected, though, Barry quickly weakened and lost all tropical features, being designated as an extratropical cyclone by the NHC a mere 18 hours before landfall in Newfoundland. However, even though Barry was weaker than expected at landfall, there were still large amounts of rainfall and very intense wind gusts, with St. Johns, the largest city in Newfoundland, receiving up to 9 inches of rainfall and wind gusts of up to 55 mph. Some locations on the eastern coast of Newfoundland reported minor flooding, but no property damage or casualties were caused by this flooding. 

Hurricane Chantal

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Chantal 22.jpg Chantal 2020.png
Duration July 2, 2019 – July 15, 2019
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  938 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Dorian

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Dorian22.jpg Dorian 2020.png
Duration July 9, 2019 – July 16, 2019
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Storm Erin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Erin22.jpg Erin 2020.png
Duration July 13, 2019 – June 17, 2019
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Fernand

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fernand2.jpg Fernand 2020.png
Duration August 2, 2019 – August 10, 2019
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Storm Gabrielle

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gabrielle.JPG Gabrielle 2020.png
Duration August 2, 2019 – August 6, 2019
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Humberto

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Humberto2.jpg Humberto 2020.png
Duration August 13, 2019 – August 23, 2019
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  899 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Imelda

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Imelda.jpg Imelda 2020.png
Duration August 18, 2019 – August 28, 2019
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  957 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Storm Jerry

Tropical storm (NHC)
Jerry2.jpg Jerry 2020.png
Duration September 3, 2019 – September 21, 2019
Peak intensity 55 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Storm Karen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Karen.jpg Karen 2020.png
Duration September 8, 2019 – September 12, 2019
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Lorenzo

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lorenzo2.JPG Lorenzo 2020.png
Duration September 13, 2019 – September 16, 2019
Peak intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  908 mbar (hPa)

On September 10, a tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa. Over the next three days, the wave intensified little as it traveled westward. At 12:00 UTC on September 13, it developed into Tropical Depression Thirteen while located between Cape Verde and the Lesser Antilles. Six hours later, it strengthened into Tropical Storm Lorenzo. After becoming a tropical storm, Lorenzo gradually strengthened as it traveled into an area of little vertical wind shear and sea surface temperatures of up to 89°F (32°C).

Subtropical Storm Melissa

Subtropical storm (NHC)
Melissa2.jpg Melissa 2020.png
Duration September 14, 2019 – September 15, 2019
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

Throughout the morning of September 14, the weak and disorganized remnant low pressure of Hurricane Lorenzo was absorbed by a powerful extratropical cyclone, which was located approximately 120 miles to the southwest of the Azores. This interaction, unlike others, strengthened the already strong extratropical cyclone. Very soon after Lorenzo's remnants were absorbed by the disturbance, residents of Flores Island, one of the westernmost islands in the Azores, recorded occasional wind gusts of over 50 mph due to the cyclone, and an ASCAT pass revealed winds of over 80 mph in it's core. This prompted the NHC to issue gale warnings for the Flores and Corvo islands of the Azores. The extratropical cyclone soon started to travel east-northeastward, toward the central islands of the Azores. By 17:00 UTC on September 14, the cyclone was reported to have gained some tropical features, but the storm's convection was still too disorganized and it was in waters too cold to support major warming in the core of the storm. Because of these reasons, even though the system had tropical and extratropical features, which normally prompts a storms upgrade to a subtropical storm, the system was still considered, by the NHC, as an extratropical cyclone.   

Due to the influence of a subtropical ridge of high pressure to it's south, the system ceased traveling east-northeastward and started to travel northeastward instead. In the early afternoon of September 14, because of the system's northeastward movement, it began to cross through the Azores. As the cyclone passed through, wind gusts of up to 100 mph were reported, and extensive flooding occurred on the islands of Pico, Sao Jorge, Terciera, Faial, and Graciosa. Around the Azores were warm waters, low amounts of wind shear, and favorable oceanic heat content indexes. Because of this, as the system passed through the Azores, it started to gain more organized convection, and the storm's core started to warm, which signaled it's transition to a subtropical storm. At 23:00 UTC on September 14, as the cyclone was beginning to move out of the Azores, the NHC designated it as a subtropical storm, giving it the name Melissa. By midnight on September 15, Melissa had fully moved out of the Azores, but the storm had a long-lasting impact on the area. Melissa had caused 27 deaths and over $100 million in damages in the Azores, with the bulk of the damage occurring on the island of Faial. 16 people died because of flash flooding alone, 8 died due to flying debris, and 3 died as a result of rip currents on the outlying islands of the Azores. Some of the more effected locations in the Azores recorded as much as 15 inches of rainfall.  As well as causing much damage on the Azores, Melissa was reported to have kept hurricane-force wind speeds as it transitioned into a subtropical storm, which made it an extremely rare Category 1 subtropical cyclone, also known as an "S1."   

After it had passed out of the Azores, and the high pressure system that was previously making it travel northeastwards moved southwards toward Cape Verde, Melissa resumed traveling east-northeastward. (WIP)

Tropical Storm Nestor

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Nestor.jpg Nestor 2020.png
Duration September 21, 2019 – September 26, 2019
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Storm Olga

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Olga.jpg Olga 2020.png
Duration September 30, 2019 – October 8, 2019
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Depression Seventeen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Td 17.jpg Td seventeen.png
Duration October 16, 2019 – October 20, 2019
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

On October 14, a tropical wave exited the west coast of Africa and began to travel northwestward. Due to an abnormally weak Saharan Dry Layer, which would normally bring large amounts of dry air to and inhibit tropical cyclogenesis around the west coast of Africa, the system started to gradually organize and intensify. At 5:00 UTC on October 16, it was upgraded to Tropical Depression Seventeen about 650 miles west-northwest of Ilha de Santo Antão.

Hurricane Pablo

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
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Pablo 2020.png
Duration October 19, 2019 – October 29, 2019
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Rebekah

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Rebekah.png Rebekah 2020.png
Duration October 25, 2019 – November 1, 2019
Peak intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  957 mbar (hPa)

filler

Subtropical Storm Sebastien

Subtropical storm (NHC)
Sebastien 2020 2.jpg Sebastien 2020.png
Duration October 31, 2019 – November 4, 2019
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

By late October of 2019, a large stationary front was spread across much of the central North Atlantic Ocean. On October 28, a disorganized non-tropical low formed along the stationary front. At 4:00 UTC on October 31, after it had become more organized, developed a well-defined low level circulation center, and gained deep, centralized convection, the system developed into Subtropical Storm Sebastien. At around 19:00 UTC on November 2, Sebastien reached its peak intensity of 50 mph (80 km/h) and minimum pressure of 994 mbar (29.4 inHg). After this, Sebastien began to gradually weaken. Sebastien transitioned into an extratropical cyclone at 14:00 UTC on November 4. The remnants of Sebastien traveled northward for almost a day before being absorbed by another extratropical system northwest of the Azores.

Hurricane Tanya

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Tanya.jpg Tanya 2020.png
Duration November 4, 2019 – November 15, 2019
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  969 mbar (hPa)

filler

Hurricane Van

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Van.jpg Van 2020.png
Duration November 17, 2019 – November 20, 2019
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

On November 10, a cold-core low separated from the prevailing westerlies. When the low was first noted by meteorological agencies, it was reported to be located approximately 600 miles to the east of Bermuda. Due to low sea surface temperatures, nearby dry air, and wind shear of around 15 kt, the disturbance was given a near zero percent chance of further development into a tropical or subtropical cyclone. The system, being driven by the Azores High to the east, started to travel southwestward at a fairly quick pace, with an average forward speed of around 13 miles per hour. However, much of the ocean waters it was traveling over were still too inhospitable for its further development, therefore it did not experience much of a change in intensity as it continued southwestward. As the Azores High lost its grip on the system, the middle and low-latitude trade winds became the main factor in it's southwesterly movement. On November 14, the disturbance made landfall in Hispaniola, killing 4 people and causing $300,000 in damage. In Hispaniola, the bulk of the damage and deaths caused by the system occurred in Haiti. Early on November 15, the system emerged into the Caribbean and began to intensify due to it entering an environment of decreasing vertical wind shear and increasing sea surface temperatures. At 12:00 UTC on November 17, the disturbance was classified as Subtropical Storm Van. After being classified as a subtropical storm, Van continued to strengthen as it acquired tropical characteristics. On the afternoon of November 18, Van became a tropical storm. Six hours later, Van intensified into a hurricane. Early on November 19, Van made landfall in Costa Rica at its peak intensity of 80 mph. Van quickly weakened as it traveled over the mountainous terrain of Costa Rica, weakening below hurricane status late at around 15:00 UTC on November 19. A few hours later, Van entered the Pacific Ocean. Van weakened into a tropical depression at 18:00 UTC on November 19 and dissipated west of Costa Rica at 0:00 UTC on November 20.

Tropical Depression Twenty-three

Tropical depression (NHC)
Twenty-three.jpg Twenty-three.png
Duration November 29, 2019 – December 1, 2019
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

filler

Tropical Depression Twenty-four

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Td 24.jpg Twenty-Four.png
Duration December 11, 2019 – December 12, 2019
Peak intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

On December 7, a small area of low pressure developed approximately 200 miles to the east of Belize City, Belize, within the frontal boundary of a stationary front. As the disturbance separated from the stationary front, it began to slowly travel northward toward the Gulf of Mexico. The system was originally not forecast to develop for quite a few reasons. One main reason why these predictions did not forecast the system's development was because of sea surface temperatures of 16 degrees celsius (61 degrees fahrenheit) surrounding the area where the disturbance developed, which was much too cold to support any major tropical development. As well as unfavorable sea surface temperatures, there were also moderate to high amounts of wind shear and dry air to the west of the disturbance, the direction most models predicted it would travel in. However, the system defied expectations, as it developed into a tropical depression at 18:00 UTC on December 11. Four hours later, it made landfall on the Gulf Coast of the United States. Shortly after making landfall, the depression degenerated into a remnant low. Throughout its existence, Twenty-Four brought light rainfall to the states of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississipi.

Storm names

The names listed below were used to name storms that formed in the Northern Atlantic during 2019. Wendy was the only name not used during the 2019 season, therefore it is marked in gray. The names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2025 season. This is the same list used in the 2013 season with the exception of the name Imelda, which replaced Ingrid. The names Nestor, Rebekah, and Van were used for the first time this year. The 2019 season was only the second on record to use the "V" name, and the fifth on record to use the "T" name.

  • Andrea
  • Barry
  • Chantal
  • Dorian
  • Erin
  • Fernand
  • Gabrielle
  • Humberto
  • Imelda
  • Jerry
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Melissa
  • Nestor
  • Olga
  • Pablo
  • Rebekah
  • Sebastien
  • Tanya
  • Van
  • Wendy (unused)

Retirement

On April 14, 2020, at the 42nd session of the Regional Association Hurricane Committee, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) retired three names, Chantal, Humberto, and Melissa, from its rotating name lists. For the 2025 Atlantic hurricane season, they will be replaced with Cassie, Horace, and Mabel, respectively.

The List for 2025

  • Andrea
  • Barry
  • Cassie
  • Dorian
  • Erin
  • Fernand
  • Gabrielle
  • Horace
  • Imelda
  • Jerry
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Mabel
  • Nestor
  • Olga
  • Pablo
  • Rebekah
  • Sebastien
  • Tanya
  • Van
  • Wendy

Season effects

2019 North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(millions USD)
Deaths


One April 26 – April 28 Tropical depression 35 1005 Lesser Antilles (Dominica, Saint Lucia, Martinique) $2.1 million 3 direct (0 indirect)
Andrea June 14 – June 18 Category 1 hurricane 75 1000 Dominican Republic, Newfoundland $800,000 1 direct (1 indirect)
Barry June 23 – June 30 Category 2 hurricane 105 969 Newfoundland $5 million None
Chantal July 2 – July 15 Category 4 hurricane 145 938 Bermuda $1.2 billion 269 direct (8 indirect)
Dorian June 23- June 27 Category 1 hurricane 75 991 Cuba, United States (Louisiana, Texas) $7.8 million 4 (4)
Erin July 15- July 17 Tropical depression 35 1008 Turks & Caicos None None
Fernand August 1– August 10 Category 2 hurricane 110 972 Lesser Antilles, Jamaica, Yucatán Peninsula (Quintana Roo), Belize, Mexico $10.4 million 11 (2)
Gabrielle August 3- August 16 Category 4 hurricane 145 935 Windward Islands, Jamaica, Belize, Yucatán Peninsula (Quintana Roo), Tamaulipas $1.4 billion 17 (4)
Humberto August 9- August 19 Tropical storm 45 1009 Lesser Antilles, Yucatán Peninsula, Veracruz $17.6 million 2
Imelda August 15– August 20 Category 3 hurricane 115 964 Azores Minimal None
Jerry August 19- September 1 Category 3 hurricane 125 956 Haiti, Cuba, United States (Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana) $4.68 billion 43 (11)
Karen August 21- August 25 Tropical storm 50 997 None None None
Lorenzo August 28– September 2 Category 2 hurricane 100 979 None None None
Melissa August 30- September 11 Category 2 hurricane 105 967 Leeward Islands, Bermuda, Newfoundland >$11.5 million 2
Nestor September 3- September 12 Category 3 hurricane 115 964 None None None
Olga September 10– October 4 Category 1 hurricane 90 977 Azores Minimal None
Seventeen October 1- October 6 Tropical storm 45 1002 None None None
Pablo October 11- October 14 Tropical storm 50 1006 Greater Antilles, Turks & Caicos Minor None
Rebekah October 11- October 18 Category 1 hurricane 95 968 Leeward Islands, Greater Antilles (Puerto Rico), Bermuda, Newfoundland, Azores ~$157 million 47 (22)
Sebastien October 22- October 28 Category 4 hurricane 150 929 Windward Islands, Venezuela, Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola, Bahamas, Bermuda, United States (Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, Delaware, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania), Atlantic Canada $98 billion 267 (37)
Tanya October 22- October 25 Tropical storm 50 1000 None None None
Van October 11- October 18 Category 1 hurricane 95 968 Leeward Islands, Greater Antilles (Puerto Rico), Bermuda, Newfoundland, Azores ~$157 million 47 (22)
Twenty-three October 11- October 18 Category 1 hurricane 95 968 Leeward Islands, Greater Antilles (Puerto Rico), Bermuda, Newfoundland, Azores ~$157 million 47 (22)
Twenty-four October 11- October 18 Category 1 hurricane 95 968 Leeward Islands, Greater Antilles (Puerto Rico), Bermuda, Newfoundland, Azores ~$157 million 47 (22)
Season Aggregates
22 cyclones February 5 – December 4    150 929 Caribbean Islands, Central America, Mexico, United States, Europe, Atlantic Canada $104 billion (2012 USD) 479

Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE)

ACE (104 kt2) – Storms
1 0.00 #1 13 0.00 #13
2 0.00 #2 14 0.00 #14
3 0.00 #3 15 0.00 #15
4 0.00 #4 16 0.00 #16
5 0.00 #5 17 0.00 #17
6 0.00 #6 18 0.00 #18
7 0.00 #7 19 0.00 #19
8 0.00 #8 20 0.00 #20
9 0.00 #9 21 0.00 #21
10 0.00 #10 22 0.00 Storm
11 0.00 #11 23 0.00 Storm
12 0.00 #12 24 0.00 Storm
Total =