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2018 Atlantic Hurricane Season (Roy's Version)
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed June 5, 2018
Last system dissipated November 18, 2018
Strongest storm
Name Michael
 • Maximum winds 190 mph (305 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure 906 mbar (hPa; 26.75 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 19
Total storms 19
Hurricanes 10
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
6
Total fatalities 2,650
Total damage $146.672 billion (2018 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020



Seasonal Summary

The 2018 Atlantic Hurricane Season began on June 1st, 2018 and ended on November 30, 2018. The first storm of the season, Alberto, formed on June 5, five days after the official start of the season. Two more tropical cyclones formed in the month of June - Beryl and Chris, which peaked as a Category 2 hurricane. July saw two storms - Debby and Ernesto, the latter of which strengthened into a Category 3 major hurricane, only a few hurricanes had reached that intensity before August. The month of August saw 5 storms forming - Florence, Gordon, Helene, Isaac, and Joyce, of which all but Isaac reached hurricane intensity. The two notable storms that month were Gordon and Helene. Both storms made landfall in Florida and Texas, respectively, at peak intensity as a Category 4 hurricanes. Both states, which were still being recovered from hurricanes Irma and Harvey, respectively, the year before suffered widespread damage from these two hurricanes. Gordon and Helene would at the time be the seventh and eleventh costliest hurricanes in recorded history, until Michael later this year caused more damage than both hurricanes.

September yielded four storms - Kirk, Leslie, Michael, and Nadine, of which Leslie and Michael strengthened into major hurricanes. The most notable storm of the month, the strongest, the most intense, and the costliest hurricane of the season is Hurricane Michael. Michael strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane in the Caribbean Sea, becoming the fourth hurricane in the span of three years to reach Category 5 strength (the other three being hurricanes Matthew, Irma, and Maria). Michael then went on to make landfall in Florida as a Category 5 hurricane, making Michael the first Category 5 hurricane to make landfall at that intensity since Andrew of 1992. Michael then left Florida, but stalled over the Gulf of Mexico just west of Florida, dumping large amount of rain, then making a second Florida landfall, and traveled up the East Coast of the United States. Upon dissipation, Michael became the fourth costliest hurricane in recorded history, only behind hurricanes Sandy, Maria, Harvey, and Katrina, while also surpassing Hurricane Irma as Florida's costliest hurricane.

The month of October have seen four storms - Oscar, Patty, Rafael, and Sara. The most notable storm of the month, as well as the deadliest in the season is Hurricane Sara. Sara caused a total of 2,136 deaths, many from Haiti. Many of the damages caused by Sara were from the New York metropolitan area. The season concluded with the formation of Tropical Storm Tony in November.



Storms

Tropical Storm Alberto

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Andrea 2013.jpg Arrdfealberto.jpg
Duration June 5 – June 9
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Beryl

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Bertha 2014.jpg Beryl.jpg
Duration June 18 – June 22
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Chris

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Katia2017.jpg Arrdfechris.jpg
Duration June 25 – June 29
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Debby

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Don 2017.jpg Arrdfedebby.jpg
Duration July 10 – July 11
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Ernesto

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gaston 2016.jpg Arrdfeernesto.jpg
Duration July 23 – July 30
Peak intensity 130 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  959 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Florence

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Kate 2015.jpg Arrdfeflorence.jpg
Duration August 4 – August 8
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Gordon

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Arlene 1999 peak.jpg Arrdfegordon.jpg
Duration August 13 – August 21
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  936 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Helene

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Harvey.png Arrdfehelene.jpg
Duration August 17 – August 22
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  938 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Isaac

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tsmaria2017.jpg Arrdfeisaac.jpg
Duration August 24 – August 25
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Joyce

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
2004danielle.png Joyce.jpg
Duration August 28 – August 31
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Kirk

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tsbret2005.jpg Arrdfekirk.jpg
Duration September 3 – September 4
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Leslie

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gaston 2016.jpeg Leslie.jpg
Duration September 6 – September 9
Peak intensity 130 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  961 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Michael

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Beta2022image.jpg Arrdfemichael.jpg
Duration September 12 – September 19
Peak intensity 190 mph (305 km/h) (1-min)  906 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Nadine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
1992seven.jpg Arrdfenadine.jpg
Duration September 17 – September 18
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Oscar

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
2005nineteen.jpg Oscar.jpg
Duration October 9 – October 11
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Patty

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
DennisLandfall.jpg Patty.jpg
Duration October 14 – October 17
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Rafael

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TS Philippe 2017.jpeg Rafael.jpg
Duration October 18 – October 20
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Sara

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Jeanne 2004 Hispaniola.jpg Arrdfesara.jpg
Duration October 22 – October 26
Peak intensity 130 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Tony

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tony Oct 24 2012 1615Z.jpg Arrdfetony.jpg
Duration November 16 – November 18
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)


Timeline

Wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Seasonal effects

The following table lists all of the storms that formed in the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season. It includes their duration, names, affected areas, damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low, and all of the damage figures are in 2018 USD (the listed damage figures are in millions).

2018 North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(millions USD)
Deaths


Alberto June 5 - June 9 Tropical storm 60 (95) 997 Mexico, Cuba, Southeastern United States (Florida) 2 0 (2)
Beryl June 18 - June 22 Tropical storm 65 (100) 995 Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Northeastern United States 150 25 (10)
Chris June 25 - June 29 Category 2 hurricane 105 (165) 970 Venezuela, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize, Mexico 20 0 (2)
Debby July 10 - July 11 Tropical storm 50 (85) 1008 Lesser Antilles Minimal None
Ernesto July 23 - July 30 Category 3 hurricane 130 (205) 959 None None None
Florence August 4 - August 8 Category 1 hurricane 90 (150) 982 The Bahamas, Southeastern United States Minimal None
Gordon August 13 - August 21 Category 4 hurricane 150 (240) 936 Lesser Antilles, Hispaniola, Cuba, Central America, Mexico, Southeastern United States 30,000 50 (49)
Helene August 17 - August 22 Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 938 Lesser Antilles, Central America, Mexico, US Gulf Coast (Texas) 25,000 63 (72)
Isaac August 24 - August 25 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1007 Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico Minimal None
Joyce August 28 - August 31 Category 1 hurricane 90 (150) 984 None None None
Kirk September 3 - September 4 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1008 Mexico Minimal None
Leslie September 6 - September 9 Category 3 hurricane 130 (205) 961 None None None
Michael September 12 - September 19 Category 5 hurricane 190 (305) 906 Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Cuba, The Bahamas, United States East Coast 75,000 232
Nadine September 17 - September 18 Tropical storm 65 (100) 998 None None None
Oscar October 9 - October 11 Tropical storm 60 (95) 1000 None None None
Patty October 14 - October 17 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 983 Central America, Mexico, US Gulf Coast (Louisiana and Mississippi, Northeastern United States 1,500 34
Rafael October 18 - October 20 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1005 Central America, Cayman Islands, Cuba, The Bahamas, Florida Minimal None
Sara October 22 - October 26 Category 3 hurricane 130 (205) 958 Lesser Antilles, Venezuela, Hispaniola, The Bahamas, Northeastern United States 15,000 2,136
Tony November 16 - November 18 Tropical storm 70 (110) 996 Lesser Antilles Minimal None


Storm names

See also: Tropical cyclone naming

The following names were used to name tropical cyclones this year. This is the same list used in the 2012 Season, with the exception of Sara, which replaced Sandy. The name Sara was used for the first and only time this year. Unused names are marked in gray.

  • Alberto
  • Beryl
  • Chris
  • Debby
  • Ernesto
  • Florence
  • Gordon
  • Helene
  • Isaac
  • Joyce
  • Kirk
  • Leslie
  • Michael
  • Nadine
  • Oscar
  • Patty
  • Rafael
  • Sara
  • Tony
  • Valarie (unused)
  • William (unused)

Retirement

See also:List of retired Atlantic hurricane names

Because of the amount of deaths and damage these storms caused, the names Gordon, Helene, Michael, and Sara were retired after the season, and will never be used again for another North Atlantic tropical cyclone. These names will be replaced with Gerald, Harley, Mark, and Sophie, respectively, for the 2024 Season. The list below will be used for the 2024 Season:

  • Alberto
  • Beryl
  • Chris
  • Debby
  • Ernesto
  • Florence
  • Gerald
  • Harley
  • Isaac
  • Joyce
  • Kirk
  • Leslie
  • Mark
  • Nadine
  • Oscar
  • Patty
  • Rafael
  • Sophie
  • Tony
  • Valarie
  • William