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2018-19 European windstorm season
First storm formed September 27 (Anaïs)
Last storm dissipated March 11 (Rosalina)
Strongest storm Phineas - 175 mph (280 km/h), 956 mbar (hPa; (1-minute sustained winds)
Total windstorms 17
Severe windstorms 7
Total damages Unknown
Total fatalities 912

The 2018-19 European windstorm season was a above-average and devastating season. It featured 17 named storms, of which 4 became severe windstorms (Eugénie, Finn, Leopold and Rosalina), and 3 became major, catastrophic windstorms (Hans, Karla and Phineas). The season began on September 27, 2018 with Anaïs's formation, and ended on March 11, 2019 with Rosalina's dissipation. This season featured Karla, a major storm that developed unprecedented tropical characteristics over the Bay of Biscay (it was dubbed by some to be a biscane), and Phineas, the most powerful European windstorm to hit Continental Europe since Lotharingia in 1999.

The season kicked off with Anais on September 27, a few days before its official start on October 1. Anais reached Category 2 status, and is one of the most powerful September windstorms to ever occur, behind Albrecht of 1997 which reached Category 4.

After a series of three minor windstorms over October and November, Eugénie formed on November 27, followed by Finn on December 1. Both of these storms would then reach Category 4, Eugenie causing unprecedented floods in the Netherlands, Belgium, United Kingdom and northern France. Cities such as Lowestoft, Rotterdam, Dunkirk or Ostende were invaded by the North Sea. Finn caused minor damage in Ireland and the Scottish Highlands.

In late December, Hans formed over the open Atlantic. It would then develop into a powerful Category 5 windstorm, wreaking havoc in the British Isles.

In January, a low that formed northeast of the Azores moved near the Iberian peninsula, to eventually develop into Karla, the 11th named storm of the season. Karla scratched the coast of Galicia as a Category 2 windstorm, but then gained tropical-like characteristics over the Bay of Biscay, gaining a somewhat-defined eye. As the storm made landfall near La Rochelle, in France, it became a Category 5 system, the second of the season. Karla caused important storm surge and flooding before getting through France and entering te Mediterranean Sea, where it regained strength before making landfall in Toscany, Italy, and eventually disappearing over the Alps.

TBC...

Seasonal summary

Storms
C2 Anaïs
EW Barry
EW Charlotte
EW Dieter
C4 Eugénie
C4 Finn
C2 Gisèle
C5 Hans
EW Iphigenia
C1 Jaden
C5 Karla
C3 Leopold
C1 Maya
C1 Nathan
C2 Oprah
C5 Phineas
C4 Rosalina

List of storms

Storm Anaïs

Category 2 European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Anais.png Anais.png
Duration 27 September 2018 – 30 September 2018
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Storm Barry

European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Barry.png BarryEW.png
Duration 14 October 2018 – 17 October 2018
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Storm Charlotte

European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Charlotte.png Charlotte.png
Duration 2 November 2018 – 5 November 2018
Peak intensity 90 km/h (55 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Storm Dieter

European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Dieter.png Dieter.png
Duration 12 November 2018 – 16 November 2018
Peak intensity 100 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Storm Eugénie

Category 4 European windstorm (WEWC)
SW Eugenie.png Eugenie.png
Duration 27 November 2018 – 3 December 2018
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Storm Finn

Category 4 European windstorm (WEWC)
SW Finn.png Finn.png
Duration 1 December 2018 – 7 December 2018
Peak intensity 160 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  958 hPa (mbar)

Storm Gisèle

Category 2 European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Gisele.png Gisele.png
Duration 19 December 2018 – 23 December 2018
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  989 hPa (mbar)

Storm Hans

Category 5 European windstorm (WEWC)
MW Hans.png Hans.png
Duration 26 December 2018 – 30 December 2018
Peak intensity 200 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  961 hPa (mbar)

Storm Iphigenia

European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Iphigenia.png Iphigenia.png
Duration 31 December 2018 – 4 January 2019
Peak intensity 100 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  982 hPa (mbar)

Storm Jaden

Category 1 European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Jaden.png Jaden.png
Duration 14 January 2019 – 18 January 2019
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Storm Karla

Category 5 European windstorm (WEWC)
MW Karla.png KarlaEW.png
Duration 20 January 2019 – 27 January 2019
Peak intensity 230 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  971 hPa (mbar)

Storm Leopold

Category 3 European windstorm (WEWC)
SW Leopold.png Leopold.png
Duration 23 January 2019 – 29 January 2019
Peak intensity 135 km/h (85 mph) (1-min)  969 hPa (mbar)

Storm Maya

Category 1 European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Maya.png Maya.png
Duration 31 January 2019 – 3 February 2019
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  991 hPa (mbar)

Storm Nathan

Category 1 European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Nathan.png Nathan.png
Duration 7 February 2019 – 12 February 2019
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Storm Oprah

Category 2 European windstorm (WEWC)
EW Oprah.png Oprah.png
Duration 19 February 2019 – 23 February 2019
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Storm Phineas

Category 5 European windstorm (WEWC)
MW Phineas.png Phineas.png
Duration 26 February 2019 – 7 March 2019
Peak intensity 280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  956 hPa (mbar)

Storm Rosalina

Category 4 European windstorm (WEWC)
SW Rosalina.png Rosalina.png
Duration 6 March 2019 – 11 March 2019
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  957 hPa (mbar)

Storm Names

The following names were used for named European windstorms in 2018-19. Names that were not used are marked in gray. This is the same list used in the 2012-13 season, with the exception of Iphigenia and Phineas, which replaced Isis and Pascal, respectively.

  • Anaïs
  • Barry
  • Charlotte
  • Dieter
  • Eugénie
  • Finn
  • Gisèle
  • Hans
  • Iphigenia
  • Jaden
  • Karla
  • Leopold
  • Maya
  • Nathan
  • Oprah
  • Phineas
  • Rosalina
  • Søren (unused)
  • Trixie (unused)
  • Ulysses (unused)
  • Veronica (unused)
  • Wojciech (unused)
  • Yasmina (unused)
  • Zakary (unused)

Retirement

On July 10, 2019, under the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization, the Western European Windstorm Centre retired the names Eugénie, Hans, Karla, Phineas and Rosalina from its rotating name lists. They were replaced with Éléonore, Herbert, Ksenia, Peppe and Renata for the 2024-25 season.