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The 2016 Pacific hurricane season was an extraordinarily active Eastern Pacific hurricane season. With billions of dollars in damage and hundreds of fatalities occuring, this made 2016 the costliest and one of the deadliest Pacific hurricane seasons ever. The large amount of impact were primarily due to exceptionally intense El Niño conditions and abnormally warm sea surface temperatures (sea surface temperatures) in place for the majority of the season. The 2016 Pacific season began on May 15, 2016 for the National Hurricane Center (NHC's) area of jurisdiction and June 1, 2016 for the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC's) area of jurisdiction, and it ended on November 30, 2016 for both regions. These dates conventionally delimit the time period where nearly all tropical cyclones form in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Activity in the 2016 season was well above average. Although the total number of storms produced this year, 15, was near the long-term average of 15, the total number of hurricanes and major hurricanes (Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale (SSHS)), 13 and 10, respectively, were significantly above their respective long-term averages of eight and four.

During 2016, four storms affected land. The first was Hurricane Georgette, which was tied with Hurricane Ivette as the strongest East Pacfic hurricane on record. It made landfall over both Hawaii's Big Island and Oahu as a hurricane, becoming the first tropical system on record to bring hurricane-force winds to the Big Island and Oahu. Georgette killed 340 people and caused $1.1 billion (2016 USD) dollars in damage. Later, in mid-August, Hurricane Ivette made landfall near Baja California as a major (intense) hurricane, causing extreme flooding, rainfall, and landslides throughout the Baja California Peninsula and into southeastern California and southwestern Arizona. In addition, gale-force winds were reported in the Yuma metropolitan area from the storm, becoming the first Pacific storm since 1997's Hurricane Nora to bring gale-force winds to any region of the Continental United States while still tropical. Overall, Ivette caused $1.9 billion (2016 USD) in damage and 200 deaths, making it among the costliest Pacific systems on record. Next, Hurricane Javier made landfall and caused major mudslides in the Colima metropolitan area, subsequently leading to three deaths and $600 million dollars (2016 USD) in damage. Finally, Hurricane Kay caused extensive flooding in the Acapulco region, resulting in a death and $500 million (2016 USD) dollars in damage. In conclusion, the 2016 Pacific hurricane season was beyond devestating.

Season statistics

Season summary

Timeline

Wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

List of storms

Hurricane Agatha

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Norbert 2014.jpg
Duration May 31 – June 27
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  923 mbar (hPa)

Lasting 27 whole days, Agatha was the longest-lived Eastern Pacific hurricane on record, eclipsing Hurricane Tina's record, as well as the strongest non-Category 5 hurricane in terms of minimum pressure. It never affected any landmasses.

Hurricane Blas

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Rachel 2014.jpg
Duration June 8 – June 14
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

Blas was a minor hurricane that did not affect land.

Hurricane Celia

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Iselle 2014.jpg
Duration June 17 – June 24
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Celia was an intense hurricane that did not affect land.

Hurricane Darby

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fausto 2014.jpg
Duration June 23 – July 3
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  929 mbar (hPa)

Darby was another intense hurricane with no land effects.

Tropical Depression Five-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Invest 92L.jpg
Duration June 29 – June 30
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Lasting barely 18 hours, Tropical Depression Five-E was the shortest lasting storm of the season, causing no harm to land.

Hurricane Estelle

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Winnie 2014.jpg
Duration July 7 – July 12
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  943 mbar (hPa)

Estelle was an intense hurricane that did not affect land.

Tropical Storm Frank

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Cristina 2014.jpg
Duration July 15 – July 17
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Frank was a short-lived tropical storm with no land effects.

Hurricane Georgette

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Elida 2014.jpg
Duration July 17 – August 6
Peak intensity 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min)  890 mbar (hPa)

Vastly exceeding Hurricane Linda's record, Georgette was tied with Hurricane Ivette later that year as the strongest Eastern Pacific hurricane on record. It made landfall near Pahala, Hawaii as a Category 3 hurricane and then near Honolulu, Hawaii as a Category 1 hurricane, causing $1.1 billion (2016 USD) dollars in damage and 340 deaths (200 direct, 140 indirect).

Hurricane Howard

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Douglas 2014.jpg
Duration July 21 – August 9
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  931 mbar (hPa)

Howard was a very strong hurricane with no land effects.

Hurricane Ivette

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Genevieve 2014.jpg
Duration August 1 – August 16
Peak intensity 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min)  890 mbar (hPa)

Ivette was tied with Hurricane Georgette as the strongest Eastern Pacific hurricane on record. It made landfall near Ensenada, Baja California as a Category 3 hurricane, causing $1.9 billion (2016 USD) dollars in damage and 200 deahts (147 direct, 53 indirect).

Hurricane Javier

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Polo 2014.jpg
Duration August 9 – August 18
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

Javier made landfall near Colima, Colima as a Category 1 hurricane, causing $600 million (2016 USD) in damages and three deaths (two direct, one indirect).

Hurricane Kay

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lowell 2014.jpg
Duration August 19 – August 29
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  967 mbar (hPa)

Kay made landfall near Acapulco, Mexico as a tropical storm, causing $500 million (2016 USD) in damage and an indirect death.

Tropical Depression One-C

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
04W.2020.jpg
Duration August 24 – August 26 (Crossed into the Western Pacific)
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression One-C, the only Central Pacific forming depression, did not affect land at all.

Hurricane Lester

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Odile 2014.jpg
Duration September 4 – September 20
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  914 mbar (hPa)

Lester was an extremely long-lived, intense hurricane that did not affect land.

Hurricane Madeline

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Julio 2014.jpg
Duration September 15 – September 28
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  954 mbar (hPa)

Madeline was another long-lived, intense hurricane with no land effects.

Tropical Depression Fifteen-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Fiona.jpg
Duration Septmber 24 – September 27
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Fifteen-E was a short-lived tropical depression that did not affect land.

Tropical Storm Newton

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Trudy 2014.jpg
Duration September 28 – October 2
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Newton was a short-lived tropical storm with no land effects.

Hurricane Orlene

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Marie 2014.jpg
Duration October 10 – October 21
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  925 mbar (hPa)

Orlene was a long-lived, intense hurricane that did not affect land.

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