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The 2016 Atlantic hurricane seasonwas an extremely active season.




Storm names

The following names will be used to name tropical and subtropical storms in the 2016 season. This is the same list used in the 2010 season with the exception of Ian and Tobias (which respectively replaced Igor and Tomas). Storms were named Ian, Tobias, Virginie, and Walter for the first time in 2016.

  • Alex
  • Bonnie
  • Colin
  • Danielle
  • Earl
  • Fiona
  • Gaston
  • Hermine
  • Ian
  • Julia
  • Karl
  • Lisa
  • Matthew
  • Nicole
  • Otto
  • Paula
  • Richard
  • Shary
  • Tobias
  • Virginie
  • Walter

Greek Alphabet

Due to the exceptional activity of 2016, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) had to resort to using the Greek alphabet, the secondary naming list. The first six names are shown below:

  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Gamma
  • Delta
  • Epsilon
  • Zeta


Seasonal Summary

The 2016 Atlantic hurricane season was hyperactive, the season pulled a 2005 style activity but had more hurricanes and major hurricanes than 2005 did.


Alex Become one of the earliest season Category 4 hurricanes on July 6th after having formed June 29th, The earliest behind Audrey from 1957.

The season experienced almost 2 months of hyperactive activity, From August 9th to October 2nd. 14 depressions, 12 storms , 9 hurricanes and 5 major hurricanes formed within the almost 2 month span, Including Karl, the strongest of the season.

Karl become one of 3 Category-5 hurricanes in the 2016 season, it had top winds of 190 mph and a pressure of 883 milibars, almost becoming the strongest storm recorded in the Atlantic basin, only behind Wilma in 2005, whom had a low pressure of 882 milibars but a top wind of 185 mph.

Hurricane Otto caused record flooding in southern Florida as a Tropical Storm after having made landfall in Cuba as a Hurricane.

Shary became one of the worst hurricanes to affect New York since Sandy in 2012. Only Shary was a 105 mph storm.

Tobias was a devastating storm whom made landfall in Miami, Florida as a strong 125 mph Category-3 hurricane after weakening from a Category-4..

Gamma Become a very rare November Category-5 hurricane, topping winds of 165 mph and a minimum pressure of 910 milibars, becoming the strongest November hurricane e on record. In Addition, it also made a rare major hurricane landfall in Savannah, Georgia as a 160 mph storm.

Lastly, Hurricane Zeta, a rare December Major hurricane, became a 140 mph Category-4 hurricane in mid December and made landfall in Tampa, Florida as a 135 mph Category-4. A very rare event in December.

Storms

Hurricane Alex

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Faith 1966.jpg
Duration June 29 – July 10
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  936 mbar (hPa)

Main article: Hurricane Alex (2016)

Subtropical Storm Bonnie

Subtropical storm (SSHWS)
Subtropical Storm Alpha (1972).jpg
Duration July 7 – July 10
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Colin

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Emily 22 sept 1987 1206Z.jpg
Duration July 18 – July 27
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  966 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Danielle

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Maria.jpg
Duration July 25 – July 31
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Earl

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
1985 09 08 TD.jpg
Duration August 2 – August 6
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1012 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Fiona

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Dora 1964.png
Duration August 9 – August 21
Peak intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  917 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Gaston

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Floyd 14 sept 1999 2030Z.jpg
Duration August 17 – August 28
Peak intensity 155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  921 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Hermine

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Jeanne (1998).jpg
Duration August 25 – September 2
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Ian

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Vince October 2005.jpg
Duration August 30 – September 9
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  961 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Depression Ten

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Nov TD 1979.jpg
Duration August 31 – September 1
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Depression Eleven

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Elena 01 sep 1979 1404Z N6.jpg
Duration September 3 – September 4
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Julia

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Babe1977sep51230z.gif
Duration September 6 – September 13
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Karl

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Typhoon Tip 13 oct 1979 2210Z.gif
Duration September 10 – September 27
Peak intensity 190 mph (305 km/h) (1-min)  883 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Lisa

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Harvey Sept 14 1981 1821Z.jpg
Duration September 10 – September 21
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  956 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Matthew

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hurricane Gabrielle 17 sept 2001 1801Z.jpg
Duration September 15 – September 19
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Nicole

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gustav 10 sept 2002 1540Z.jpg
Duration September 19 – September 25
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  968 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Otto

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gilda 73.jpg
Duration September 22 – September 30
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Paula

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gustav 1996 gibbsimage.jpg
Duration September 24 – September 29
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Richard

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Subtropical One 24 oct 1979 1927Z TN.jpg
Duration September 28 – October 2
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Shary

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
546px-Sandy Oct 25 2012 0400Z.JPG
Duration October 3 – October 12
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  942 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Tobias

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Vera 24 aug 1986 0522Z.jpg
Duration October 10 – October 22
Peak intensity 135 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Virginie

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TD 21E 18 sept 1986 2259Z.jpg
Duration October 15 – October 21
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Walter

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Irene Aug 15 2005.jpg
Duration October 19 – October 30
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Alpha

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Mitch 2004.JPG
Duration October 25 – November 1
Peak intensity 120 mph (190 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Depression Twenty-Five

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Bret.jpg
Duration November 2 – November 3
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Beta

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Steve 2.png
Duration November 10 – November 15
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Gamma

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Hugo 1989 sept 21 1844Z.jpg
Duration November 14 – November 27
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  910 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Delta

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Felix (1989).jpg
Duration November 21 – November 26
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Epsilon

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
SS4 74 sat.jpg
Duration November 25 – November 29
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Zeta

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Wilma 200510241245.jpg
Duration December 10 – December 21
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  938 mbar (hPa)




Timeline

Hurricane Alex (2016)wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Rating

ACE (104 kt2) – Storm: Source
1 43.6 Karl 12 8.79 Nicole
2 27.9 Fiona 13 9.42 Colin
3 27.5 Ian 14 7.57 Danielle
4 25.2 Gaston 15 5.36 Beta
5 22.4 Tobias 16 3.44 Hermine
6 21.2 Alpha 17 2.85 Otto
7 20.8 Shary 18 0.767 Matthew
8 17.4 Julia 19 0.696 Virginie
9 15.8 Alex 20 0.582 Paula
10 11.1 Lisa 21 0.329 Richard
11 10.6 Walter 22 0.135 Earl
Total=283.36 (Record high)

ACE is the result of a storm's winds multiplied by how long it lasted for, so storms that lasted a long time , as well as particularly strong hurricanes , have higher ACE totals. 2016 was hyperactive in these terms; with an ACE total of 283. Tropical depressions and subtropical storms, namely Subtropical Storm Bonnie and portions of Tropical Storm Richard and Hurricane Alex, are not included in season totals.

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