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The 2014 Atlantic hurricane season was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season was an above average season that produced 16 named storms, 7 hurricanes, but only 2 major hurricanes. The small hurricane counts were due to the season's majority of storms that formed at sea and dissipated due to the Saharan Air Layer. The season began with Tropical Storm Arthur on June 3, and ended following the dissipation of Tropical Depression Paulette. The strongest storm of the season was Hurricane Josephine, which peaked as a Category 5 which traveled throughout the Caribbean Sea making landfall on Central America and parts of the Mexican coastline. 

Pre-season forecasts by Colorado State University (CSU) had stated a slighly above average season with 12 named storms, 6 hurricanes and 2 major hurricanes. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association called for a below average season  in its pre-season forecast on May 21. Both agencies had predicted a weak El Nino, which limits Atlantic tropical cyclone activity. Despite this, the season still produced 16 named storms, exceeding their original predictions. 

The impacts from 2014 were not as bad as the previous years. However, Hurricane Gonzalo's devastating affects in the United States took a wide majority of the final damage total. In early June, Tropical Storm Arthur dropped heavy rains and gusty winds on South Texas, causing 10 deaths and 123 million dollars in damages. During August and September, Hurricanes Gonzalo and Josephine produced heavy damages to the United States and Caribbean Islands. However, around the end of the season, Tropical Storm Paulette tracked an erratic track on and off of the Florida peninsula. This later produced 899 million dollars in damages and 13 deaths.






Timeline

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

Storms

Tropical Storm Arthur

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Jerry (1995).gif
Duration June 3 – June 5
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)
 

Tropical Storm Bertha

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Danny 2009-08-28 1540Z.jpg
Duration June 21 – June 25
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  997 hPa (mbar)
 

Tropical Storm Cristobal

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Danny (1997).gif
Duration July 13 – July 16
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  981 hPa (mbar)
 

Tropical Storm Dolly

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Chantal (1995).gif
Duration July 26 – August 2
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)
 

Tropical Storm Edouard

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Images (1).jpg
Duration August 4 – August 8
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)
 

Hurricane Fay

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Gordon 2006.jpg
Duration August 12 – August 16
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  969 mbar (hPa)
 

Hurricane Gonzalo

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gordon STS-115 70 kt.jpg
Duration August 16 – August 25
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  956 mbar (hPa)
 

Tropical Storm Hanna

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TD 15 11 oct 2007 1321Z.jpg
Duration August 22 – August 25
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1009 hPa (mbar)
 

Tropical Storm Isaias

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Hermine 2010-09-07 1725Z.jpg
Duration August 27 – September 2
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  984 hPa (mbar)
 

Hurricane Josephine

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Erika 1997.GIF
Duration September 5 – September 16
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  903 mbar (hPa)
 

Hurricane Kyle

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Irene (1999).jpg
Duration September 6 – September 9
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)
 

Hurricane Laura

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Richard 2010-10-24 1645Z.jpg
Duration September 12 – September 23
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  967 mbar (hPa)
 

Hurricane Marco

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Harvey Aug 4 2005.jpg
Duration September 17 – September 22
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)
 

Tropical Storm Nana

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical storm alberto 2006.jpg
Duration September 21 – September 23
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1001 hPa (mbar)
 

Hurricane Omar

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Florence 11 sept 2006.jpg
Duration September 28 – October 5
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)
 

Tropical Storm Paulette

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Leslie (2000).jpg
Duration October 10 – October 28
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  991 hPa (mbar)
 

Storm names

The following names were used to name storms that formed in the North Atlantic in 2014. The names not retired from the list will be used in the 2020 season. This is the same list used in the 2008 season with the exception of GonzaloIsaias, and Paulette, which replaced the names GustavIke, and Paloma respectively. 

  • Arthur
  • Bertha
  • Cristobal
  • Dolly
  • Edouard
  • Fay
  • Gonzalo
  • Hanna
  • Isaias
  • Josephine
  • Kyle
  • Laura
  • Marco
  • Nana
  • Omar
  • Paulette
  • Rene (unused)
  • Sally (unused)
  • Teddy (unused)
  • Vicky (unused)
  • Wilfred (unused)

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