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2014 Atlantic hurricane season (Not a prediction)

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2014 Atlantic hurricane season (Not a prediction)
First system formed April 14, 2014
Last system dissipated December 15, 2014
Strongest storm Rene – 863 mbar (hPa) (25.49 inHg), 205 mph (335 km/h)
Total depressions 26
Total storms 26
Hurricanes 22 (record highest)
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 19 (record highest)
Total fatalities At least 85,000
Total damage At least $610 billion (2014 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, Post-2015

2014 Atlantic Hurricane SeasonEdit

The 2014 Atlantic hurricane season was the most damaging atlantic season on record. Even though the season had less storms than the 2005 atlantic hurricane season, the total number of Category 5 Hurricanes was more than double that of 2005 (2005 had 4). The 2014 atlantic hurricane season started with a very unusual storm named Aurthur, which developed into a hurricane in mid April due to unusually warm Gulf of Mexico waters and very low wind shear and made landfall south of Tampa, FL as a weak Category 1 hurricane. Tropical storm Bertha formed from an extratropical system that transitioned into a subtropical storm north of Bermuda on May 26. It attained winds of up to 65 mph before transitioning into a tropical storm. Due to a rise in wind shear, the storm weakened and dissipated west of the Azores by May 30. On June 5, another extratropical storm transistioned into a subtropical storm named Cristobal while east of Cape Hatteras, NC. Unlike Bertha, this storm did not transition to a tropical system due to 20 kt wind shear and cold and dry air entraining into the storm. The next storm, Dolly, was a very rare storm which formed west of Portugal and hit France as a Category 1 hurricane in late June before becoming extratropical 18 hours later. Edouard developed after a 3-week lull in activity 100 miles east of the Cape Verde islands. The storm affected the islands in Mid July, went westward over 7 days to the Windward Islands as a tropical storm, strengthened to a Category 2 hurricane while south of Puerto Rico, and made landfall in the Dominican Republic as a 105 mph hurricane. The storm then made landfall on Andros Island as a Category 2 hurricane 3 days later, and made landfall in Daytona Beach, FL as a 90 mph hurricane 48 hours later. The storm weakened to a tropical storm, went into the Gulf of Mexico and, due to wind shear, dissipated before making landfall in Pensacola. The season explosively intensified in August with 7 Hurricanes--6 of them Category 5s--forming within 3 weeks of each other. All 6 Category 5 hurricanes made landfall at Category 3 or stronger intensity. The strongest August Category 5 hurricane, the devastating Hurricane Isaias, made landfall near Miami, Havana and New Orleans at Category 4, 3 and 5 intensities respectively, caused the most destruction and made landfall in Miami, an area devastated by two prior hurricanes in the same month. September saw 10 systems, 7 hurricanes, 5 major hurricanes, and 3 Category 5 hurricanes. It includes a controversial Category 5 storm that made landfall in Eastern Cuba and Andros Island at high-end Categiory 5 intensities and reached an unusual 60 degrees North Latitude as a Category 3 hurricane in the Northeastern Atlantic before moving into the Faroe Islands. Amazingly, it retained tropical characteristics until making landfall in western Norway as a Category 1 hurricane undergoing extratropical transition. It then transitioned into an extratropical storm while in Norway. It also included an unprecedented African and Icelandic hurricane which formed in the Cape Verde islands and made landfall in Mauritania, the Azores islands and Iceland. In October there were 2 tropical storms, all of them turned to hurricanes. One, Hurricane Beta, came close to hitting Miami before recurving into the Northern Atlantic. It abrutly turned northwestward and hit Newfoundland as a Category 1 hurricane. November had no tropical cyclones, But December had one. Hurricane Delta came and hit areas affected by Hurricane Sandy more than 2 years ago. It was a massive and unusually intense Category 1 hurricane which hit New Jersey and combined with a winter storm.

CyclonesEdit

Hurricane AurthurEdit

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration April 14 – April 22
Intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min),  982 mbar (hPa)

The disturbance that became Aurthur formed from an unusual area of cloudiness 300 miles south of Houston on April 12. The National Hurricane Center began monitoring this area of disturbed weather and gave it only a 10% chance that it could become anything more than a tropical depression. 2 days later, the National Hurricane Center stated that there's a 40% chance that the tropical disturbance could become Aurthur. Due to usually warm Gulf of Mexico waters of 82 degrees and wind shear of less than 10 knots, the disturbance became Tropical Depression One 370 miles south-southwest of Lake Charles, Louisiana. It quickly became Tropical Storm Aurthur on April 15 and was steered eastward due to an approaching trough. The National Weather Service in Orlando, FL began monitoring the tropical storm late that Day, and issued Tropical Storm Watches for a 200 mile stretch of the west coast of Florida, including Tampa.


Tropical Storm BerthaEdit

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration May 26 – May 30
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min),  990 mbar (hPa)


Subtropical Storm ChristobalEdit

Subtropical storm (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 5 – June 10
Intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min),  991 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane DollyEdit

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration June 23 – June 29
Intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min),  987 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane EdouardEdit

Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration July 18 – July 31
Intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min),  967 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane FayEdit

Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 2 – August 18
Intensity 135 mph (215 km/h) (1-min),  936 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane GonzaloEdit

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 4 – August 16
Intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min),  915 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane HannaEdit

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 7 – August 20
Intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min),  912 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane IsaiasEdit

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Counterclockwise vortex
Duration August 14 – August 31
Intensity 180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min),  896 mbar (hPa)

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