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1992 Atlantic hurricane season

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The 1992 Atlantic hurricane season began on June 1st, 1992 and ended November 30th, 1992.


Seasonal forecasts

Source Date Named

storms

Hurricanes Major

hurricanes

NOAA May 3, 1992 10 6 2
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Actual activity 9 5 2


Season Summary

In reality, this season saw 10 Depressions, 7 Storms, 4 Hurricanes and 1 Major.


Storms

Storms
C1 Andrew
TS Bonnie
C3 Charley
C1 Danielle
TS Earl
C3 Frances
TS Georges
C1 Hermine
TS Ivan

Hurricane Andrew

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Bonnie 16 aug 1980 1028Z N6.jpg Hurricane Andrew (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration June 30 – July 6
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)
On June 29, a tropical wave moving west exited Morocco and passed to the south of Cape Verde, with the outer bands of the system producing showers and thunderstorms for an entire day over the islands. Continuing to travel west, the tightly-packed group of storms began to deepen rapidly as conditions turned favorable west of Cape Verde. On June 30, the invest began to undergo rapid intensification as it took on a cyclonic motion 165 miles southwest of Cape Verde. The system slowly organized as the wind speed increased to 30 MPH, becoming Tropical Depression One nearly a month after the season's official start. One continued to track northwest as warm waters and decreasing wind shear allowed for the system's flourishment. One remained at tropical depression intensity as the system's organization halted into July 2. However, decreasing wind shear and an increase in the storm's speed allowed for further intensification to take place. As copious amounts of moisture built up the eyewall, storms cells converging within the core strengthened the system as wind speeds increased to 50 MPH, becoming Tropical Storm Andrew on July 3. Andrew continued to intensify throughout the day, attaining 70 MPH winds on July 4, followed by hurricane status several hours later, with seven-foot swells impacting the coast of Morocco. Later that same day, Andrew began to shift NNE as wind shear began to impact the storm. Despite this, Andrew attained a peak intensity of 85 MPH, 979 mbar on July 5 prior to explosively weakening as the storm's forward speed increased to 28 MPH.


Tropical Storm Bonnie

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Jose (1981).jpg Tropical Storm Bonnie (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration August 6 – August 10
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Charley

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Diana 07 aug 1990 2011Z.jpg Hurricane Charley (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration August 31 – September 7
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Danielle

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Bertha 31 July 1990.jpg Hurricane Danielle (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration September 2 – September 12
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Earl

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Danielle 25 sept 1992 1916Z.jpg Tropical Storm Earl (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration September 10 – September 15
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Frances

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Claudette 7 September 1991.jpg Hurricane Frances (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration September 10 – September 24
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  953 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Georges

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Arlene (1981).jpg Tropical Storm Georges (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration September 30 – October 4
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Hermine

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Nana 19 October 1990.jpg Hurricane Hermine (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration October 19 – October 24
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm ivan

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hurricane Jeanne (1980).JPG Tropical Storm Ivan (1992 - Track).jpg
Duration October 31 – November 4
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)






Timeline

wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Storm names

The following names will be used to name tropical and subtropical cyclones in the 1992 season.

  • Andrew
  • Bonnie
  • Charley
  • Danielle
  • Earl
  • Frances
  • Georges
  • Hermine
  • Ivan
  • Jeanne (unused)
  • Karl (unused)
  • Lisa (unused)
  • Mitch (unused)
  • Nicole (unused)
  • Otto (unused)
  • Paula (unused)
  • Richard (unused)
  • Shary (unused)
  • Tomas (unused)
  • Virginie (unused)
  • Walter (unused)


Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Rating

ACE (104 kt2) – Storm: Source
1 20.0 Frances 12 0.00 Storm
2 17.3 Charley 13 0.00 Storm
3 10.5 Danielle 14 0.00 Storm
4 8.61 Andrew 15 0.00 Storm
5 7.10 Hermine 16 0.00 Storm
6 6.90 Earl 17 0.00 Storm
7 5.91 Ivan 18 0.00 Storm
8 4.89 Georges 19 0.00 Storm
9 4.00 Bonnie 20 0.00 Storm
10 0.00 Storm 21 0.00 Storm
11 0.00 Storm 22 0.00 Storm
Total=85.21

ACE is the result of a storm's winds multiplied by how long it lasted for, so storms or subtropical storms (Originally not included up until 2012) that at lasted a long time , as well as particularly strong hurricanes , have higher ACE totals. Tropical Depressions are not included in season total.


Season Effects

This is a table of the storms and their effects in the 1992 Atlantic hurricane season. This table includes the storm's names, duration, peak intensity, Areas affected (bold indicates made landfall in that region at least once), damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave or a low. All of the damage figures are in 2015 USD (the listed damage figure is in millions).

1992 North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(millions USD)
Deaths


Andrew June 30 – July 6 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 979 None 0 0
Bonnie August 6 – August 10 Tropical storm 50 (85) 997 None 0 0
Charley August 31 – September 7 Category 3 hurricane 115 (185) 960 Mexico (Veracruz)(Belize) 1,000 65
Danielle September 2 – September 12 Category 1 hurricane 90 (150) 973 None 0 0
Earl September 10 – September 15 Tropical storm 70 (110) 986 US East Coast (South Carolina) 65 10
Frances September 10 – September 24 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 953 None 0 0
Georges September 30 – October 4 Tropical storm 60 (95) 995 US East Coast (Florida), The Bahamas 50 7
Hermine October 19 – October 24 Category 1 hurricane 75 (120) 987 None 0 0
Ivan October 31 – November 4 Tropical storm 65 (100) 989 US Gulf Coast (Louisiana), Mexico 65 10
Season Aggregates
9 cyclones June 30 – November 4   120 (195) 953 $1.18 billion 92

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