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The 1978 Atlantic hurricane season began on June 1st, 1978 and ended November 30th, 1978.


Seasonal forecasts

Source Date Named

storms

Hurricanes Major

hurricanes

NOAA May 3, 1978 10 6 2
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Actual activity 6 4 2


Season Summary

Storms

Storms
C1 Amelia
TS Bess
TS Cora
C2 Debra
C4 Ella
C4 Flossie

Hurricane Amelia

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Kendra (1978).JPG Hurricane Amelia (1978 - Track).jpg
Duration June 10 – June 16
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Bess

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Subtropical Storm 2 (1974).JPG Tropical Storm Bess (1978 - Track).jpg
Duration July 1 – July 3
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)


Tropical Storm Cora

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Dorothy (1970).jpg Tropical Storm Cora (1978 - Track).jpg
Duration July 16 – July 21
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Debra

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Henri of 1979.jpg Hurricane Debra (1978 - Track).jpg
Duration August 1 – August 8
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Ella

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Frederic 12sep79.jpg Hurricane Ella (1978 - Track).jpg
Duration August 19 – August 31
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  934 mbar (hPa)


Hurricane Flossie

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Camille 16 aug 1969 2340Z.jpg Hurricane Flossie (1978 - Track).jpg
Duration August 22 – September 5
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  934 mbar (hPa)






Timeline

wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Storm names

The following names will be used to name tropical and subtropical cyclones in the 1978 season.

  • Amelia
  • Bess
  • Cora
  • Debra
  • Ella
  • Flossie
  • Greta (unused)
  • Hope (unused)
  • Irma (unused)
  • Juliet (unused)
  • Kendra (unused)
  • Louise (unused)
  • Martha (unused)
  • Noreen (unused)
  • Ora (unused)
  • Paula (unused)
  • Rosalie (unused)
  • Susan (unused)
  • Tanya (unused)
  • Vanessa (unused)
  • Wanda (unused)


Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Rating

ACE (104 kt2) – Storm: Source
1 0.00 Storm 12 0.00 Storm
2 0.00 Storm 13 0.00 Storm
3 0.00 Storm 14 0.00 Storm
4 0.00 Storm 15 0.00 Storm
5 0.00 Storm 16 0.00 Storm
6 0.00 Storm 17 0.00 Storm
7 0.00 Storm 18 0.00 Storm
8 0.00 Storm 19 0.00 Storm
9 0.00 Storm 20 0.00 Storm
10 0.00 Storm 21 0.00 Storm
11 0.00 Storm 22 0.00 Storm
Total=0.0

ACE is the result of a storm's winds multiplied by how long it lasted for, so storms or subtropical storms (Originally not included up until 2012) that at lasted a long time , as well as particularly strong hurricanes , have higher ACE totals. Tropical Depressions are not included in season total.


Season effects

This is a table of the storms and their effects in the 1978 Atlantic hurricane season. This table includes the storm's names, duration, peak intensity, Areas affected (bold indicates made landfall in that region at least once), damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave or a low. All of the damage figures are in 2015 USD (the listed damage figure is in millions).

1978 North Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(millions USD)
Deaths


Amelia June 10 – June 16 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 979 None 0 0
Bess July 1 – July 3 Tropical storm 45 (75) 998 None 0 0
Cora July 16 – July 21 Tropical storm 70 (110) 985 Cape Verde Minor 0
Debra August 1 – August 8 Category 2 hurricane 105 (165) 962 Mexico 65 20
Ella August 19 – August 31 Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 934 none 0 0
Flossie August 22 – September 5 Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 934 US Gulf Coast (Alabama), Cuba, Hispaniola 2,000 115

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