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1959 1960 1961
Atlantic Pacific

The 1960 Atlantic deathicane season was the most active deathicane season in recorded history, shattering numerous records. This season the costliest and deadliest season on record with a preliminary total of 718,523 deaths and damage of over $16 trillion. 6 of the season's major hurricanes —Dennis/Larry/Rita/zeta Superstorm Nu-Xi we’re responsible with this much damage. Deathicane Chloe crossed the equator at major hurricane strength and also caused extensive damage in south amerca. also, storms from tropical depression twenty-two to gamma were all the order of every main category on the scale.

Due to the combination of above normal water of temperatures 5-10c and the very strong La Nina, the season was widespread and ruinous. In September, there was an explosive increase in activity, where over twenty storms forming in September alone. The explosion of activity continued on in October, even setting the record for the most everything for a single season.

Seasonal summary

See also: Original idea for the 1959-61 Atlantic deathicane season

The Atlantic deathicane season officially began on June 1, 1960. A week after the official start, the first storm, Andrea, developed on June 6 in the northern Atlantic. In June, Bob affected Cuba with minimal damage. In July, Deathicane Chloe formed and crossed the equator becoming a south Atlantic tropical cyclone. The next storms: Dennis, Erika, Fabian, and grace formed in the same month.

That month featured the worst deathicane at that time to hit the USA, Dennis, which formed in off the coast of Cape Verde. The storm caused major damage and extreme storm surge around Florida. The other storms listed caused minimal or no damage.

August featured 2005 like activity, but it featured the damaging category 6 hurricane larry, hitting the central America badly. Hugo and Irma both stayed out at sea, while Javier spawned as a tropical storm off the Africa coast, regenerating and becoming the seventh deathicane of the season.

the next four storms of the month were Kira, larry, maria, and opal. Kira became the northernmost major hurricane on record. larry formed as a Cape Verde hurricane, eventually rapidly deepening near the Lesser Antilles as it aimed for Nicaragua and absorbed noel. Hurricane Maria formed on August 20, becoming a powerful category 3 hurricane that hit north africa. noel formed around central America but was absorbed by larry. Activity briefly paused as August came to a close.

September featured exceptional activity. 21 storms formed in this month much of which nearly formed every day a record never seen before. while opal and Philippe were both minimal storms, Rita later became the first recorded hypercane in recorded history as it rapidly deepened over the high ocean temperatures. While Rita continued to lurk around the southern edges of the basin, Hurricane sean the other low-pressure system formed on September 4, peaking as a high-end Category 4 hurricane before weakening as it neared the extremely powerful Rita and eventually was absorbed by Rita. tammy formed peaking as a powerful tropical storm making landfall in Louisiana.

On September 6, storms victor and Wallis formed, with the latter being downgraded to a tropical depression in post season analysis. This makes it the first time a named storm has been downgraded to a tropical depression during reanalysis. The strengthening of tropical depression 26 prompted the NHC to add the Greek alphabet as an auxiliary list, and it was confirmed. Alpha would later strike the island of Trinidad.

Activity continued, as Tropical storms beta and gamma formed. Both storms were fast moving and caused minimum damage, followed by the formation of hurricane delta and tropical storm Epsilon, both minimum storms as well. Zeta formed and became a hurricane two days later. On September 22, zeta unexpectedly strengthened into a category 7 hurricane, later pummeling south America. Meanwhile, addicane eta later added land to the Gulf of Mexico.

Activity declined slowly as the season wound down. Tropical depression thirty-three formed, but at this point, it slowed down to an average of a storm per 3 days. Tropical Storm theta was a category 2 hurricane that eventually became extratropical but and rapidly deepened into a category 5 status while extratropical.

Despite this, hurricanes were more powerful as the La Nina was even stronger, preventing any activity in the epac from happening. Hurricane Iota was forecasted to be a minimal major hurricane but explosively intensified into a category 6, nearly as powerful as zeta. The next storm, Kappa, went through an extreme rapid deepening, becoming a category 10 in under a day. The storm rapidly weakened due to an eyewall replacement cycle and landfall on Antigua as a category 7 hurricane a day later, worsening effects caused by the previous zeta. Major evacuations were sent while the storm aimed for the Antilles.

Octobers first storm, lambda, was a very short-lived subtropical storm. The next storm is mu, which was an erasicane leading into the removal of the extra land the earlier eta made. The two storms nu and xi formed, and on october 10, they fused into a record-breaking superstorm, and it was nicknamed superstorm nu-xi. Superstorm nu-xi later pounded the east coast of the us, causing catastrophic damage. tropical storm omicron developed on October 11, but it was a central Atlantic fishspinner that lasted only 3 days.

Superstorm Nu-XiSuperstorm Nu-XiSuperstorm Nu-XiDeathicane Maria (1960)Deathicane LarryDeathicane DennisDeathicane Chloe

Cane Harvey Deathicane Wind Scale (CHDWS)
Rating Wind-Speeds(mph) Abbreviation hex code
Tropical/subtropical depression 0-40 TD 5ebaff
Tropical/subtropical storm 40-69 TS 00faf4
1 70-94 C1 ffffcc
2 95-109 C2 ffe775
3 110-134 C3 ffc140
4 135-154 C4 ff8f20
5 155-184 C5 ff6060
6 185-214 C6 8b0000
7 215-245 C7 cc0033
8 246-299 C8 cc0066
9 300-349 C9 9b30ff
10 350-399 C10 f9a7b0
11 400-449 C11 462297
12 450-499 C12 581496
category 1 Hyper 500-999 1H ff99ff
category 2 Hyper 1000-1999 2H cc99cc
category 3 Hyper 2000-3499 3H ff00cc
category 4 Hyper 3500-4999 4H fa00ff
Megacane 5000-9999 MC ffcccc
Infinite storm 10000-49999 IS 00cc33
Mini black hole ≥50000 MBH 99ccff
other types
Rating Wind-Speeds(mph) Abbreviation
Antidepression -1 to -39 AD
Antistorm -40 To -69 AS
Addicane any ac
erasicane any ec
Currently, there are storm(s) with missing rating in this season. When all ratings of storms in the season is determined, please remove the 'incomplete' parameter on the template.

2 10 5 3 4 (2) 3 3 2 1 0† 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0

This Seasons was WAY more active then the previous season the 1959 Atlantic deathicane season

†superstorm nu-xi is included as the original unfused storms.

Storms

main storms

Tropical Storm Andrea

Tropical storm (CHDWS)
ALBERTO Andrea 1960
Duration June 6 – June 10
Peak intensity 60 mph (1-min)
994 mbar


The NHC began tracking a tropical wave in the central Atlantic for possible development on June 4 and gave the system a 60% chance of forming within 48 hours. The wave organized and became the first tropical depression of the season on June 6. The depression was upgraded Tropical Storm Andrea at 16:00 UTC on August 7. It eventually dissipated on June 10.

Deathicane Bob

Category 3 hurricane (CHDWS)
Karl Bob 1960
Duration June 23 – June 25
Peak intensity 125 mph (1-min)
959 mbar


On June 22th, a low-pressure area spawned south of the Caribbean Sea. It would not become a tropical depression until on June 23. Favorable conditions caused the system to rapidly intensify before making landfall as category 3 in Cuba. It rapidly weakened after moving inland and weakened into a tropical depression. It then made landfall in South Florida and dissipated.

Deathicane Chloe

Category 4 hurricane (CHDWS)
Gaston 2016-08-30 1625Z Deathicane chloe
Duration July 15 – july 21 (exited basin)
Peak intensity 135 mph (1-min)
945 mbar


On July 14, the NHC began to monitor a tropical wave off the coast of Cape Verde. The disturbance would later be upgraded to a tropical depression on July 15. It eventually would become a tropical storm late on july 16. It exited the basin on July 21.

Deathicane Dennis

Category 9 hurricane (CHDWS)
Tip Dennis deathicane
Duration July 20 – Aug 21
Peak intensity 340 mph (1-min)
794 mbar


Early on July 19, the HMA began tracking a tropical wave across the coastline of western Africa.[69] The disturbance organized into a tropical depression, and then a tropical storm on July 21. It became a hurricane on July 20, but the initial intensification was slow. Having signs of rapid intensification, the storm went through an extreme rapid deepening, now a category 9. The storm continued to move west, and the powerful storm made the first landfall on the Bahamas on August 4, and then in Florida and shortly weakened to a category 8 but became a category 9 again by the next advisory. The storm made landfall on Texas causing it to move inland, and did not show noticeable weakening until multiple eyewall replacement cycles happened and rapidly weakened the storm near the great lakes.

The storm became a tropical storm that later transitioned into a post-tropical cyclone on August 16, but regenerated two days later. It reached secondary peak intensity as a category 1 hurricane on August 18, and became extratropical. The remnant dissipated on August 23.

In the aftermath of Dennis, the Bahamas and Texas were both described as "95% destroyed", with lots of people homeless. Dennis has resulted in at least 618 thousand deaths, with much of those in the united states.

Deathicane Erika

Category 5 hurricane (CHDWS)
Nicole-2016-10-12-221245 Deathicane erika 1960
Duration July 23 – July 31
(extratropical after July 29)
Peak intensity 155 mph (1-min)
930 mbar


On July 22th, another low-pressure area spawned off the coast of Africa that became a tropical storm on July 24. Favorable conditions caused the system to rapidly intensify into a category 5 on July 26. It began to rapidly weaken on July 27 due to the interaction of the strong shear from Dennis prior. It then became extratropical on July 29 and the remnant dissipated by July 31.

Tropical Storm Fabian

Tropical storm (CHDWS)
Deathicane fabian 1960 (image) Deathicane fabian 1960
Duration July 25 – July 29
Peak intensity 50 mph (1-min)
997 mbar


Deathicane Grace

Category 2 hurricane (CHDWS)
Nadine Sep 30 2012 1535Z Deathicane grace 1960
Duration July 26 – august 4
(extratropical after august 1)
Peak intensity 105 mph (1-min)
967 mbar


Deathicane Hugo

Category 1 hurricane (CHDWS)
Hurricane Maria Sept 15 2011 1740Z Deathicane hugo 1960
Duration August 2 – 7
Peak intensity 85 mph (1-min)
982 mbar


Tropical Storm Irma

Tropical storm (CHDWS)
Irma 2017-08-30 1255z Deathicane irma 1960
Duration August 6 – 7
Peak intensity 40 mph (1-min)
1004 mbar


Deathicane javier

Category 1 hurricane (CHDWS)
Hurricane Chris Jun 21 2012 1330Z Deathicane javier 1960
Duration August 9 – 31
(extratropical after august 29)
Peak intensity 90 mph (1-min)
974 mbar


Deathicane Kira

Category 3 hurricane (CHDWS)
Ophelia 2017-10-12 0025z Deathicane kiera 1960
Duration August 11 – 18
Peak intensity 130 mph (1-min)
957 mbar


Deathicane larry

Category 6 hurricane (CHDWS)
Hurricane Ivan 13 sept 2004 1900Z Deathicane larry 1960
Duration August 16 – sep 1
Peak intensity 210 mph (1-min)
862 mbar


Main article: Deathicane Larry

Deathicane maria

Category 3 hurricane (CHDWS)
Deathicane maria 1960 (image) Deathicane maria 1962
Duration August 20 – 26
Peak intensity 115 mph (1-min)
962 mbar


Tropical Storm noel

Tropical storm (CHDWS)
Claudette 2015 Deathicane noel 1960
Duration August 6 – 7
Peak intensity 40 mph (1-min)
1006 mbar


Deathicane opal

Category 1 hurricane (CHDWS)
Meranti 2004-08-05 1435z Deathicane opal 1960
Duration september 1 – 6
Peak intensity 85 mph (1-min)
988 mbar


Tropical Storm philippe

tropical storm (CHDWS)
Talas 2004-12-13 0350z Deathicane philippe 1960
Duration september 2 – 3
Peak intensity 45 mph (1-min)
991 mbar


Hypercane Rita

Category 2 hypercane (CHDWS)
Hypercane Deathicane rita
Duration september 3 – october 1
Peak intensity 1425 mph (1-min)
461 mbar


Deathicane sean

Category 3 hurricane (CHDWS)
Karl2004 Deathicane sean 1960
Duration septebmber 4 – 8
Peak intensity 120 mph (1-min)
960 mbar


Tropical Storm tammy

tropical storm (CHDWS)
Nate 2017-10-07 1848Z Deathicane tammy (1960)
Duration september 5 – 9
Peak intensity 70 mph (1-min)
991 mbar


Deathicane victor

Category 3 hurricane (CHDWS)
Deathicane victor 1960 (image) Deathicane victor (1960)
Duration september 6 – 15
Peak intensity 120 mph (1-min)
956 mbar


Tropical Depression Wallis

tropical depression(CHDWS)
Michael October 2018 Deathicane wallis (1960)
Duration september 7 – 8
Peak intensity 35 mph (1-min)
991 mbar


wallis was a very short lived storm in early september. initially, it was a 40mph tropical storm however at post-season analysis, it was downgraded to a tropical depression.

Tropical Storm Xavier

tropical storm (CHDWS)
Deathicane xavier 1960 (image) Deathicane xavier (1960)
Duration september 8 – 10
Peak intensity 50 mph (1-min)
1003 mbar


Tropical Storm Yolanda

Category 1 hurricane (CHDWS)
Chris July 2018 Deathicane yolanda (1960)
Duration september 10 – 13
Peak intensity 80 mph (1-min)
984 mbar


Tropical Storm Zeke

Category 2 hurricane (CHDWS)
Gert 2017-08-16 Suomi NPP Deathicane zeke (1960)
Duration september 11 – 17
Peak intensity 100 mph (1-min)
971 mbar


greek storms

greek storm

hebrew storms

hebrew storm

Records

Number of storms

This season breaks the record for the number of tropical depressions, storms, deathicanes, and major deathicanes. it was also the first deathicane season to ever feature a hurricane above category 5 strength.

intensity

6 of the most notable storms listed above and some other deathicanes broke records.

chloe - crossed the equator and also most intense in South Atlantic and being the most destructive in the south Atlantic.

Dennis - most intense until Rita that year, deadliest until Rita.

larry - was the deadliest/costliest hurricane in Central America

rita, most intense tropical cyclone worldwide, deadliest, costliest and second longest-lived on record, and was the longest-lived deathicane in the Atlantic

superstorm nu-xi - first storm to be a result of fusing of two storms

pi, second hypercane on record.

storm categories

this was the first season ever to feature 3 or more category 5 hurricanes.

Storm names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the Atlantic basin in 1960. The season used List 2 on the rotating lists for deathicanes that reach at least tropical storm status. The list was exhausted for the first time this year. Some names were brought over from reality lists. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 1966 season.

  • Hugo
  • Irma
  • Javier
  • Kira
  • Larry
  • Maria
  • Noel
  • opal
  • Philippe
  • Rita
  • Sean
  • Tammy
  • victor
  • Wallis

Due to threatening to exhaust the list 3 names were added.

  • Xavier
  • Yolanda
  • Zeke

Furthermore, the activity pushed harder to add Greek list.

  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Gamma
  • Delta
  • Epsilon
  • Zeta
  • Eta
  • Theta
  • Iota
  • Kappa
  • Lambda
  • Mu
  • Nu
  • Xi
  • Omicron
  • Pi
  • Rho
  • Sigma
  • Tau
  • Upsilon
  • Phi
  • Chi
  • Psi
  • Omega

the Greek alphabet was used up also, so they had to add the HEBREW NAMES.

Retirement

In the spring of 1961, the world meteorological organization retired the names Chloe/Dennis/Larry/Rita due to extensive deaths and damage. They will be replaced with Cindy/Darren/Lenny/Rina respectively for the 1966 season though rina was moved to the list for 1961. Cindy was previously used in the 1958 season and the other times that list was used.

For retiring names from other lists they will disappear for 6 years on the lists and will return after that. The Greek names that were retired but can be used again for the 1966 season if needed are: Zeta

the WMO also said that if a storm fuses with another and both cause extreme damage, both names are retired. the names nu and Xi were both retired.

this leads to the following names retired -

Season effects

1960 deathicane statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(millions USD)
Deaths


Andrea June 5 - 23 Tropical storm 50 mph 994 none None None
Bob June 23 - 30 Category 3 hurricane 125 mph 959 Cuba And Florida 5 2
Chloe July 15 - 30 Category 4 hurricane 150 mph 941 cape verde, Rio de janeiro 10620(in south atlantic) 120 (in south atlantic)
Dennis July 20 - aug 21 Category 9 hurricane 340 mph 793 Cape Verde, Leeward Islands, Greater Antilles, The Bahamas, Contiguous United States (especially Florida and Texas), Newfoundland 5198000 618,521
Erika July 23 - 31 Category 5 hurricane 155 mph 930 Cape Verde None None
Fabian July 25 - 29 Tropical storm 50 mph 997 Central America (primarily Nicaragua and Honduras) minor 4
Grace July 26 - Aug 1 Category 2 hurricane 105 mph 975 Azores None None
Hugo Aug 2 - 7 Category 1 hurricane 85 mph 982 None None 0
Irma Aug 6 - 7 Tropical storm 40 mph 999 none None 0
Javier Aug 9 - 25 Category 1 hurricane 90 mph 974 northern africa minimal 1
Kira Aug 11 - 18 Category 3 hurricane 130 mph 957 Ireland minimal 1
larry Aug 16 - sep 1 Category 6 hurricane 210 mph 862 Leeward Islands, much of central america (including nicaragua costa rica and honduras), southern mexico, Cuba, and other nearby areas 431,354 >103,289
maria Aug 20 - 26 Category 3 hurricane 115 mph 962 cape verde, africa 67 12
noel Aug 25 - 26 Tropical storm 40 mph 1006 none none 0
Season Aggregates
55 cyclones June 5 - present   150 mph 941 $5 trillion (1960 USD) 618,523

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