The 1914 Atlantic Hurricane Season was the most active Atlantic Hurricane Season in history, with 100 named storms.

Season Overview


January saw 5 named storms, 2 of which became hurricanes and 1 further intensified into a major hurricane. The first storm of the season, One, formed on January 2 in the open Atlantic and remained in the open Atlantic, causing no impact to land. Two formed 10 days later and stalled in the Gulf of Mexico. Two would make landfall on January 15 in Pensacola as a weak Tropical Storm. Three formed off of a frontal system on January 15 in the Western Atlantic, and made an unusual turn back towards the coast, intensifying into the first hurricane of the year and making landfall in Sapelo Island, Georgia, before emerging back off the US Atlantic Coast. Four was the strongest storm of the month, existing in the Western Caribbean and peaking as a Category 3 hurricane, the first major hurricane of the year, while making landfall in Central Belize. Five would be the final storm of the month. Five remained very weak while spending it's lifetime near the coast of Bermuda for the last three days of January.












Season Timeline


Tropical Storm One

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration January 2 – January 7
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

An unusual late December tropical wave left the coast of Africa on December 30 and spawned the first tropical depression of the 1914 season on January 2, making 1914 have the earliest start to a season, a record that has now stood for over 100 years in the Atlantic. One intensified into a Tropical Storm early on January 4 and continued to traverse over the Open Atlantic, peaking at 60 mph the next day. One then slowly began to weaken, and the system curved to the northeast while weakening to a Tropical Depression. One fully dissipated on January 7 in the open Atlantic, far away from land.

Tropical Storm Two

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration January 12 – January 16
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

A large frontal system spawned a low pressure system in the Gulf of Mexico on January 10, which would strengthen into the second depression of the season on January 12. Two made an unusual path, first moving towards the Northwest before stalling for a day or so. Two then curved back towards the southeast and eventually the northeast, aiming for the Florida Panhandle. During this time Two finally strengthened to a Tropical Storm, peaking with winds of just 40 mph before it's landfall just west of Pensacola, Florida. Two would then weaken and dissipate early on the day of January 16 while over Georgia.

Hurricane Three

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration January 15 – January 19
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

The same large frontal system that spawned Tropical Storm Two spawned an area of low pressure off the coast of Georgia on January 14, and it soon developed into the third depression of the season the next day. Three further intensified into a Tropical storm and began an unusual Northwest movement, away from the frontal system. At 05:00 EDT on January 17, Three became the first hurricane of the season. At 11:00, Three peaked with winds of 75 mph and a pressure of 986 millibars, overtaking Tropical Storm One as the strongest storm of the season thus far. At 12:00 EDT, Three made landfall in Sapelo Island, Georgia, becoming the first storm to make landfall in Georgia since Hurricane Six of 1893. Three then weakened back to a Tropical Storm and turned eastwards, emerging off the coast of North Carolina late on January 18 as a Tropical Depression. Three would quickly attain tropical storm intensity at 11:00 on January 19, however Three would lose Tropical Storm intensity six hours later. Three dissipated late on January 19 heading eastwards into the open Atlantic ocean.

Hurricane Four

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration January 23 – January 29
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  968 mbar (hPa)

A low pressure area moved off the coast of South America on January 22 and rapidly developed into Tropical Depression Four the next day while heading Northwest at 23:00 EDT. Four quickly strengthened to a Tropical Storm 24 hours later. While curving back towards the west on January 26, Four strengthened into the second hurricane of the season. Four then began to rapidly intensify, reaching Category 3 status the same day, becoming the first major hurricane of the season. At 13:00 EDT the next day, Four made landfall near San Pedro, Belize at it's peak intensity of 120 mph and a rather high pressure of 968 millibars. Over Mexico, Four made an unusual Southwestern turn, which would cause the system to weaken and dissipate over central Oaxaca on January 29.

Tropical Storm Five

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration January 29 – January 31
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Five was a short lived storm that formed on January 29 from a Tropical Wave that left the coast of Africa on January 24. Five quickly strengthened into a Tropical Storm late that night before curving towards the East due to a high pressure area. Five weakened to a tropical depression after only being a tropical storm for 24 hours, and from there moved rapidly to the North, dissipated over the Northern Atlantic on January 31, causing only minimal impact to Bermuda.

Hurricane Six

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration February 5 – February 11
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  936 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Seven

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration February 13 – February 15
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Eight

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration February 20 – February 22
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Nine

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration February 24 – February 27
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Ten

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration March 1 – March 10
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  927 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Eleven

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration March 8 – March 14
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twelve

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration March 17 – March 22
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Thirteen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration March 26 – March 29
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Fourteen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration April 2 – April 6
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Fifteen

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration April 4 – April 13
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  972 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Sixteen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration April 13 – April 15
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Seventeen

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration April 13 – April 27
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  914 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Eighteen

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration April 19 – April 22
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  977 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Nineteen

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration April 23 – April 28
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Twenty

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration April 26 – April 30
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-One

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration May 1 – May 8
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Twenty-Two

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration May 4 – May 7
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Three

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration May 7 – May 19
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Four

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration May 14 – May 21
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Five

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration May 18 – May 25
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Twenty-Six

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration May 22 – May 26
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Season Summary