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The 1914 Atlantic Hurricane Season was the most active Atlantic Hurricane Season in history, with 100 named storms.

Season Overview

January

January saw 5 named storms, 2 of which became hurricanes and 1 further intensified into a major hurricane. The first storm of the season, One, formed on January 2 in the open Atlantic and remained in the open Atlantic, causing no impact to land. Two formed 10 days later and stalled in the Gulf of Mexico. Two would make landfall on January 15 in Pensacola as a weak Tropical Storm. Three formed off of a frontal system on January 15 in the Western Atlantic, and made an unusual turn back towards the coast, intensifying into the first hurricane of the year and making landfall in Sapelo Island, Georgia, before emerging back off the US Atlantic Coast. Four was the strongest storm of the month, existing in the Western Caribbean and peaking as a Category 3 hurricane, the first major hurricane of the year, while making landfall in Central Belize. Five would be the final storm of the month. Five remained very weak while spending it's lifetime near the coast of Bermuda for the last three days of January.

February

Activity still continued in the Atlantic despite the arise of the anti-peak months of February and March. Despite this, both months still produced 4 storms. Six become the first Category 4 hurricane of the season on February 8. Six was also known for it's strange unusual East-southeast movement off the coast of Louisiana, preventing a potential direct landfall on New Orleans, Louisiana. The movement was caused by a eastward moving frontal system. Six did make landfall just west of Pensacola, Florida at peak intensity on February 9, becoming the second system of the year to make landfall near Pensacola. The remaining three February storms weren't too notable, with Tropical Storms Seven and Eight making landfall in Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina and Tasbapauni, Nicaragua on February 14 and 21 respectively. Nine developed in the Northeastern Atlantic, peaking as a Category 1 hurricane on February 25 without impacting land throughout it's lifespan.

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Season Timeline

Storms

Tropical Storm One

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
One1914.jpg
Duration January 2 – January 7
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

An unusual late December tropical wave left the coast of Africa on December 30 and spawned the first tropical depression of the 1914 season on January 2, making 1914 have the earliest start to a season, a record that has now stood for over 100 years in the Atlantic. One intensified into a Tropical Storm early on January 4 and continued to traverse over the Open Atlantic, peaking at 60 mph the next day. One then slowly began to weaken, and the system curved to the northeast while weakening to a Tropical Depression. One fully dissipated on January 7 in the open Atlantic, far away from land.

Tropical Storm Two

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Two1914.jpg
Duration January 12 – January 16
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

A large frontal system spawned a low pressure system in the Gulf of Mexico on January 10, which would strengthen into the second depression of the season on January 12. Two made an unusual path, first moving towards the Northwest before stalling for a day or so. Two then curved back towards the southeast and eventually the northeast, aiming for the Florida Panhandle. During this time Two finally strengthened to a Tropical Storm, peaking with winds of just 40 mph before it's landfall just west of Pensacola, Florida. Two would then weaken and dissipate early on the day of January 16 while over Georgia.

Hurricane Three

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Three1914.jpg
Duration January 15 – January 19
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)

The same large frontal system that spawned Tropical Storm Two spawned an area of low pressure off the coast of Georgia on January 14, and it soon developed into the third depression of the season the next day. Three further intensified into a Tropical storm and began an unusual Northwest movement, away from the frontal system. At 05:00 EDT on January 17, Three became the first hurricane of the season. At 11:00, Three peaked with winds of 75 mph and a pressure of 986 millibars, overtaking Tropical Storm One as the strongest storm of the season thus far. At 12:00 EDT, Three made landfall in Sapelo Island, Georgia, becoming the first storm to make landfall in Georgia since Hurricane Six of 1893. Three then weakened back to a Tropical Storm and turned eastwards, emerging off the coast of North Carolina late on January 18 as a Tropical Depression. Three would quickly attain tropical storm intensity at 11:00 on January 19, however Three would lose Tropical Storm intensity six hours later. Three dissipated late on January 19 heading eastwards into the open Atlantic ocean.

Hurricane Four

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Four1914.jpg
Duration January 23 – January 29
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  968 mbar (hPa)

A low pressure area moved off the coast of South America on January 22 and rapidly developed into Tropical Depression Four the next day while heading Northwest at 23:00 EDT. Four quickly strengthened to a Tropical Storm 24 hours later. While curving back towards the west on January 26, Four strengthened into the second hurricane of the season. Four then began to rapidly intensify, reaching Category 3 status the same day, becoming the first major hurricane of the season. At 13:00 EDT the next day, Four made landfall near San Pedro, Belize at it's peak intensity of 120 mph and a rather high pressure of 968 millibars. Over Mexico, Four made an unusual Southwestern turn, which would cause the system to weaken and dissipate over central Oaxaca on January 29.

Tropical Storm Five

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Five1914.jpg
Duration January 29 – January 31
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Five was a short lived storm that formed on January 29 from a Tropical Wave that left the coast of Africa on January 24. Five quickly strengthened into a Tropical Storm late that night before curving towards the East due to a high pressure area. Five weakened to a tropical depression after only being a tropical storm for 24 hours, and from there moved rapidly to the North, dissipated over the Northern Atlantic on January 31, causing only minimal impact to Bermuda.

Hurricane Six

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Six1914.jpg
Duration February 5 – February 11
Peak intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  936 mbar (hPa)

An area of low pressure developed in the Southwestern Caribbean sea on February 2 and began to acquire tropical characteristics while moving Northeast. The system developed into Tropical Depression Six at 05:00 EDT on February 5. From there, Six would begin to rapidly intensify, becoming a tropical storm on February 6, a hurricane on February 7, and a major hurricane on February 8. As Six intensified into the first category 4 hurricane on the season, a frontal boundary caused Six to move in an unusual East-southeast direction. This motion caused the predicted landfall location to move from New Orleans, Louisiana to Mobile, Alabama. Six remained a category 4 hurricane as it moved further east than predicted, becoming the second system of the year to make landfall within a few miles of Pensacola, Florida. Six would make landfall just below it's peak intensity, with it's intensity at landfall having wind speeds of 140 mph and a minimum central pressure of 939 millibars. After landfall, Six would move through Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, and North Carolina before dissipating over southwestern Virginia on February 11.

Tropical Storm Seven

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Seven1914.jpg
Duration February 13 – February 15
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

The frontal system that caused Hurricane Six to move in an unusual East-southeast direction in the northern Gulf of Mexico formed an area of low pressure off the coast of Jacksonville, Florida early on February 11. The system slowly drifted to the east before turning to the northwest and developing into Tropical Depression Seven at 11:00 EDT on February 13. Seven continued moving in a northwesterly direction, attaining tropical storm intensity early on February 14. Seven would then make landfall just south of Wrightsville Beach in North Carolina at 16:00 EDT the same day, with winds of 50 mph and a pressure of 1000 millibars. After landfall, Seven moved through North Carolina before turning towards the Northeast in Virginia. Seven dissipated on February 15 just southwest of the nation's capital.

Tropical Storm Eight

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Eight1914.jpg
Duration February 20 – February 22
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Another area of low pressure emerged off the coast of South America on February 18 and entered the extreme southwest Caribbean sea, where the invest would eventually become Tropical Depression Eight on February 20 at 05:00 EDT. The depression would then stall that night, moving in an unusual southern direction while strengthening into a tropical storm. The next morning, Eight would begin moving once again in the West-northwest direction. On February 21 at 17:00 EDT, Eight made landfall in Tasbapauni, Nicaragua at peak intensity. Eight would then move inland and rapidly weaken, dissipating early on February 22 over central Nicaragua.

Hurricane Nine

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Nine1914.jpg
Duration February 24 – February 27
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave left the coast of Africa on February 16 and tracked westwards without any significant development. The wave would eventually curve to the northeast and began to develop under only marginally favorable conditions in the eastern Atlantic ocean. The wave became the ninth depression of the season in the eastern Atlantic on February 24 at 05:00 EDT while moving North. Later that night, the depression would curve back towards the east again while strengthening into Tropical Storm Nine. The next day, Nine would curve to the North once again while peaking as a minimal category 1 hurricane with winds of 75 mph and a pressure of 983 millibars. Nine would then quickly weaken and begin to turn ex-tropical, losing hurricane status 6 hours later. Nine completed it's ex-tropical transition on February 10 while curving back towards the east about 250 miles west of Madeira Island, Portugal.

Hurricane Ten

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Ten1914.jpg
Duration March 1 – March 10
Peak intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  927 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Eleven

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Eleven1914.jpg
Duration March 8 – March 14
Peak intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twelve

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Twelve1914.jpg
Duration March 17 – March 22
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Thirteen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Thirteen1914.jpg
Duration March 26 – March 29
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Fourteen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Fourteen1914.jpg
Duration April 2 – April 6
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Fifteen

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fifteen1914.jpg
Duration April 4 – April 13
Peak intensity 100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  972 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Sixteen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Sixteen1914.jpg
Duration April 13 – April 15
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Seventeen

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Seventeen1914.jpg
Duration April 13 – April 27
Peak intensity 175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  914 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Eighteen

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Eighteen1914.jpg
Duration April 19 – April 22
Peak intensity 80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  977 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Nineteen

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Nineteen1914.jpg
Duration April 23 – April 28
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Twenty

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Twenty1914.jpg
Duration April 26 – April 30
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-One

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentyOne1914.jpg
Duration May 1 – May 8
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Twenty-Two

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TwentyTwo1914.jpg
Duration May 4 – May 7
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Three

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentyThree1914.jpg
Duration May 7 – May 19
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Four

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentyFour1914.jpg
Duration May 14 – May 21
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Five

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentyFive1914.jpg
Duration May 18 – May 25
Peak intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  970 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Twenty-Six

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
TwentySix1914.jpg
Duration May 22 – May 26
Peak intensity 40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Seven

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentySeven1914.jpg
Duration May 24 – June 1
Peak intensity 90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Eight

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentyEight1914.jpg
Duration May 26 – June 3
Peak intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  924 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Twenty-Nine

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
TwentyNine1914.jpg
Duration June 1 – June 8
Peak intensity 110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  957 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Thirty

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Thirty1914.jpg
Duration June 4 – June 13
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Thirty-One

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
ThirtyOne1914.jpg
Duration June 6 – June 11
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Season Summary